Rotary International Fellowship – Old and Rare Antique Books and Prints

The Fellowship is open to:
Rotary � Rotaract � Interact � Inner Wheel

Its aims are:
� Promoting friendship and the exchange of information on a global scale among those Rotarians who share a common interest for antique books and prints;
� Transmitting the knowledge and love for old books to other Rotarians, especially the younger ones;
� Taking advantage of the latest means of communication, which allow an easy access to a heritage which, in our District, happens to be among the richest in the world.

Books are not meant to be just read, they should be well preserved too, so that the next generation and other people can read it too. These members come together to make this possible and ensure they put in the required efforts to share information about such rare books. Real book lovers, even if they are suffering from varicose veins, will use some Varikosette and continue flipping through the pages of such ancient books. This is something only a true book lover would understand.

During its initial stage, the Fellowship will operate thanks to the generous support of Biblioteca Queriniana di Brescia (one of the oldest and most famous libraries in the country). We shall benefit of its computer facilities and of the assistance of its Director Aldo Pirola, who is to be appointed Secretary of the new Fellowship.
As requested by International Regulations, the initiative has received the approval of three Governors of three different countries, and was approved by the Central Council of Rotary International in November2006.
It has therefore been enclosed in the list of the Rotary Fellowships and is, to all intents and purposes, already active on the website: rotaryoldbooks.org

Why this kind of fellowship:
� Because among Rotarians all over the world there are numerous keen connoisseurs of antique books and prints;
� Because our District and Italy in general are abundantly endowed with this kind of cultural heritage, which, being unique, deserves protecting;
� Because the present internet facilities permit such access and consultation as were unthinkable in the past.

But above all because –
� Culture is the one element that offers multiple opportunities for a harmonious dialogue with the different realities of our world and our society.
� Because the cultural advancement of mankind is as relevant as its economic and social progress.

We trust that our project will succeed in promoting both knowledge and love for old books, while creating a pool of information accessible to all Rotarian bibliophiles, among which we have the pleasure of mentioning the Present President Bill Boyd, who quite recently declared to belong to a family of book lovers. We also hope that the use of internet will help overcoming the well-known lending reluctance that affects most bibliophiles, a diffidence which was well expressed by a medieval bibliophile:

Librum meum non prestabo, si prestabo non habebo, si habebo
non tam cito, si tam cito non tam bonum, si tam bonum perdo
amicum: Ergo nolo praestare librum.

Culture in the Rotary Clubs to the advancement of society
�It behoves to culture to promote new ideas and needs less tied to material objects, to form a class of better educated and civically conscious citizens, to create the means by which foreign cultures might meet, to promote the knowledge of foreign languages for better communication, enhancing not so much what is local but what is common to all�.
These meaningful words are, in my opinion, a compendium of the role culture should play, becoming a source where a person, who accepts life both as a challenge and a responsibility, might find his/her proper spiritual nourishment. According to the most advanced interpretation in anthropological research, by �culture� one generally means the entirety of experience, learning, system of values, choice of ways of life and modes of behaviour, through which an individual may refine and express the peculiar spiritual talents and physical endowment that will permit him/her to attempt at gaining power over nature through the discovering of its laws, and at modifying some of its aspects by means of sustained effort, while striving to make life within society more acceptable, both at family and community levels promoting personal habits and institutions.
From a historical point of view, on the other hand, culture expresses, communicates and preserves works that transmit the great experiences and spiritual aspirations of mankind, thus putting itself at the service of its progress.
Thus perceived, culture is every nation�s special heritage, reflecting their spirit and initiative, creative powers, technical and practical abilities, thus embodying the very reasons that made that nation, through the endless running of the centuries, worthy of respect and consideration. It is therefore hard, not to say impossible, to imagine that culture, the very product of intelligence and will power, which expresses the peculiar identity of each human being, might be turned into an element of restriction, of subordination, and an obstacle to the growth and development of mankind. Culture can and must be the foundation of any true moral and civic advancement of a nation.
Unfortunately, in the course of the twentieth century,culture did not progress as one might have wished or indeed expected; on the contrary, it suffered from long periods of profound disorientation condemned, as it was, to secondary roles of subordination. The causes of what may correctly be defined a cultural crisis are to be found in the historical circumstances that characterised the century.
The whole world as well as our own country are overcome by the winds of insecurity, fear, mistrust, and anxiety about the future. But if we show the will, the energy, and the courage to restore life and voice to culture, there may be good reasons for hope.
In particular all of us Rotarians, in an effort to dispel this deep feeling of disorientation, ought to take upon ourselves the heaviest burden of responsibilities towards the community, the environment, and every single human being. Fulfilling this duty represents an indispensable basis to prove our awareness of the significance of the facts, when they relate to the fundamental meaning of life, of the environment, of solidarity, in short, of the individual as a person called by destiny to transcendence.
Not only do the study of humanities and culture restore our dignity as human beings, but they provide us with the correct choices whether political, economic or social. Moreover, culture gives a meaning to all daily events, both private and public, whereby a horizon of hope might open upon present and future history.
Welcome to culture, then, which has been scorned, forgotten, and often manipulated to achieve base ends.
It will offer us food for discussion, thought, and investigation upon issues that concern all of us, and would otherwise be in the hands of the few, let alone remain unresolved. What is needed are reference points that may prove firm and open to testing.
What is needed is going back to truth, to a culture free from conditioning, from ideologies, not enslaved by regimes or parties, as in the worst of tyrannies. Culture will prove to be our best instrument in rising from the dev� astation suffered by the moral values of our country and to restore us to the rank of nation. �The common glories of our past, the common will for the present, having accomplished great feats together, the desire to accomplish more, these are the fundamental conditions for the making of a nation. A heritage of glories and remorse for what concerns the past, a common project for the future: the existence of a nation may be considered a daily plebiscite.�

I had a telephone conversation with dear Prof. Tristano Bolelli, founder and long President of the Galileo Galilei Award. On that occasion he reminded me that words are the essential vehicle of culture, the voice through which some of the great Muses find expression. Obviously as we all know Prof. Bolelli was a great, illustrious glottologist. Nor am I less convinced of the fundamental importance of the �word�.
Accordingly, since its earliest days, Rotary was especially concerned with the transmission of science, culture, and information. And we Rotarians, Paul Harris�s distant heirs, cannot but share his concern, and we pledge to renew his commitment, convinced as we are that learning and knowledge mean understanding, and understanding will generate mutual respect and friendship, which are among the noblest Rotarian ideals. With a view of exalting the functions of intelligence, science, and culture, Rotary Italy created the Galileo Galilei Award, which grows yearly in importance and recognition, so as to be considered the Italian Nobel Prize.
Our District is proud to announce that a project has been recently established as a Rorary Fellowship (Old and Rare Books and Prints). It is a socially and culturally worthy initiative, aimed at promoting friendly global exchange of information among those Rotarians who share the love for antique books and prints. And since I am aware that a new mode of thinking is on the way among the best educated and attentive minds, a trend that somewhat looks back to a more balanced relation between the material and the spiritual, I feel entitled to express such attitude. If this idea is right, then it is up to us Rotarians to translate it into realistic terms by planning and promoting a number of specific cultural and educational projects, covering all possible levels especially destined to the younger generation since they represent our future.

Allow me to start a conversation on antique books with this self-evident truth:� None of us would be what we are had our forefathers not possessed the instrument that enabled them to hand down to us the knowledge of what they were and did!�
Generation after generation, even the most distant in time, have left their imprints on the planet. Prehistoric man was a person like any of us, complete with his own complex inner self; and yet he could but carry such �human� heritage to his grave, because, deprived as he was of a writing system, he was unable to give it permanence. Indeed, it is writing that marks the discrimination between documented fact and Prehistory The road to the development of writing was long and even now is partly undiscovered: probably the process involved the gradual representation of reality, together with all its relative concepts, in a more and more abstract manner, by means of pictograms and ideograms, following models employed in Egypt and in the modern Far East.

In time, such signs must have acquired a phonetic value to replace the conceptual one, becoming, within the Mediterranean area, proper alphabet letters, through the composition of which, it was discovered one could create an infinite number of words to cover the endless demands of factual life. In fact, the �invention� of our writing system is attributed to the Phoenicians, a nation given to commerce. Nevertheless, beside a durable mode of transmission of thought (the alphabet), it was imperative to find a solid material to imprint, i.e. writing material. Nature offered stone, and later metals. During an archaic stage, the inner part of bark was used, which in Latin was called �liber�. But it was undoubtedly the Egyptian papyrus that emerged as the writing material more apt to have a durable employment, not least due to the Rare Antique Books and Prints ductility and resistance provided by strips made by intertwining the fibres from the stems of this plant, which grew plentiful on the banks of the Nile. Such strips could easily be rolled on and off a wooden pivot, forming a scroll called �volumen� from the Latin verb �volvere�, meaning rolling.

The intensive exploitation of the papyrus plantations and the difficulties in procuring it promoted the usage of a different type of writing material, which had been invented and used for centuries in the town of Pergamum, i.e. parchment or vellum (pergamena). It consisted of the skin of a young animal (lamb, goat or calf), duly prepared, smoothed out and cut in sheets, which were then sewn together to produce a series of pages, thus representing the prototype of the modern book format. Out of each single animal one could obtain about four parchment sheets; consequently, in order to copy a Bible, it would have been necessary to sacrifice a whole herd. This also explains why books were, during the whole length of the Middle Ages, extremely precious and rare objects, mainly produced in monasteries, where flocks of sheep and herds of cattle were abundant. The rarity and preciousness of books demanded their being ornamented by polychrome decorations of considerable artistic level; hence, the art of miniature illumination, cultivated for centuries within the medieval scriptoria. In fact, following the fall of the Roman Empire, illumination was for centuries the only form of pictorial art cultivated in the Western world. Working conditions in a monastic scriptorium must have been dire. Freezing in winter, scorching in summer, tall and very hard desks, lack of any form of enlargement tools, and the necessity of self producing the ingredients needed for the job � colours made out of herbs and flowers, ink out of soot, or even gold and silver, brushes from the hair of animal hides and bird feathers to write with � all of which meant rigidly disciplined amanuenses, whose endeavours produced such great masterpieces.

For centuries, the making of books went on by these methods until, around the middle of the 15th century, something occurred that would change the destiny of mankind: the introduction of the printing press by Johann Gutenberg. In the region surrounding Mainz, presses had been used for centuries, both to press grapes and house-linen. What Gutenberg envisaged was the possibility of an innovative application of the press to his own true great invention: the movable types. By pouring an alloy of molten metals into special moulds, he was able to obtain the different letters of the alphabet, which would then be assembled and disassembled to form words. Later, by putting the stencils obtained by such process under the press, it became possible to print the text upon a sheet of paper or vellum. By then, paper made, according to the Chinese technique, out of rags had become of common usage in Europe. The impact of the new technique represented a true revolution, since it made it possible to produce books in large numbers � the new concept of edition � at much lower costs compared with the medieval manuscript. The greater circulation of books was the answer to the increased demand for education of the period, and was the vehicle of Humanism in Europe, together with Renaissance, the protestant Reformation and, along those lines of Enlightenment and of all the vast and articulated ideas which characterize the world we live in. The following centuries saw a growing and better development of the printing methods until mechanical printing machinery was replaced by digital computerized technology. Thus we come to our epoch, beyond the fateful year 1830, which is indicated by the world competent organizations (IFLA = International Federation of Librarian Association) as the discriminating date between antique and modern books.
The Rotarian Fellowship recently founded represents an instrument for knowledge and research into the reality of antique books. Thanks to it, it will be possible to circulate news and information regarding editions, publishers, bindings, illumination, particularly interesting copies from historical, scientific, and economic fields, opening new perspectives of discovery into a territory that has been so far lacking in adequate research and in-depth investigation. Aldo Pirola

RGHF’s list of Missing Fellowship Histories

International Fellowship of Railroading Rotarians

if-rr_website_august_24_2007002001.jpgif-rr_website_august_24_2007002003.jpgThe IF-RR is for Rotarians who have an interest in Railroading of any type!

Steam! Diesel! Model RR!
Rail Fanning! Collecting!
Private Rail Cars, Trolley Cars!

Share ideas, plans, photos!
Visit and see Railroads both model and full scale!

The International Fellowship of Railroading Rotarians is made up of Rotarians who have an interest in railroading in any format, type, size or related interests.  This may consist of steam, diesel, electric, model railroads, rail fan photography, rail travel, railroad collectibles, private rail cars, trolley cars and what ever related interest there is from the membership.

Trains are a great invention and getting to know how it all started, where it all started and the journey it went through to reach what it is today is simply fascinating. Many members are so keen on this field that this fellowship was received with a lot of excitement and agreement.

Many will not have the access to various stations to tour the trains or have access to get up close and personal with the vintage trains. Instead of showing these trains in the museum, we organize fellowships where these rail road enthusiasts can get closer to the trains and learn more about them.

Many may not have had the time to travel in different trains. This is the problem for people with money and contacts. They have access and can afford but don’t have the time. These fellowships are well organized in advance, so that the participants can plan. Thus giving them the opportunity to travel in different trains – with great company.

One can even find out what happens to the trains once they are old or have too many technical issues to repair. If you have thinning hair, the health of your hair can be restored with the help of Hair MegaSpray, but what can  a train do when its parts have become too weak or rusted? What happens when a better engine is invented? These are some of the questions such rail road enthusiasts can give answers for. Such is their interest in and knowledge about trains.

When these members get together, there is a lot of discussions about trains and when their passion is reciprocated, they for great friendships. Also, members are encouraged to continue being a part of this organization and help Rotary grow further.

We will arrange railroading activities and events as the membership desires. This may range from organizing or providing assistance for train travel international and national, to sharing tips and ideas for model railroads.  The website and email newsletter are great places to announce railroading events for all to visit and participate.  Perhaps one has visited a historical or preserved railway or has one in their community; this is the place to let others know about it.

The email newsletter and website are a place to show off your interests with photos of trains you have seen, layouts you have visited, models built, etc. It is also a discussion opportunity to get answers to questions you have about railroading. They are a place to share your railroading experiences with others who have the same interest.  You can also swap and sell train memorabilia, model trains and related items.

This fellowship will continue the traditions of railroading around the world.  With Railroading Rotarians communicating and sharing the past, present and further of railroading will be preserved.Don Schiller, PDG
Rotary International District 5490
Prescott, AZ 86303

Rotarian Home Exchange Fellowship

PDF of RHE History 
Home Exchange is the vacation alternative where two families agree to swap homes “you stay in my house while I stay in yours.” The exchange can be as short as a weekend or several months (two to three weeks is usual).

The Rotary club understood that it is one of the best and most economic way in which families can enjoy vacations, visit different parts of the world and get a taste of the actual homes over there. It also is easy on the pockets and enhances inter personal relationships, along with bringing an internal peace and harmony within the individuals.

When talking about peace and harmony within one’s self, it is important to be in sync with nature. Sadly this has now become more and more difficult. In today’s times, there is a tremendous stress on almost everyone. Whether the stress is to meet deadlines at work, or even if it is stress at home due to various reasons. The pressure to perform often makes a person neglect their own health or resort to short cut methods to feel better.

Unfortunately, these short cut methods are only short term relief, as they will take you away from nature which will, in turn, cause only harm.

We all are aware that science and technology has made tremendous progress, so much that it has helped to bring people from all over the world closer virtually. But it has also taken away individuals away from nature.

Products like Frumusete Sanatate firmly believe that the closer you are to your base, which is nature the happier and healthier you will be. However, there are also many commercially available medical cosmetic products that claim to have naturally occurring products but in case if they contain powerful components in their active form, they will cause more harm than good.

Yet another problem of being away from nature is obesity. Obesity is slowly becoming an increasing problem. Not simply because it is not appealing aesthetically but also because obesity brings along it loads of other co-related conditions that include cardio vascular problems, high blood pressure, increased levels of cholesterol, an exacerbation of diabetes mellitus and much more.

The combat with obesity is never easy, but it is possible. As one need not get into major investments or work out to the level of an athlete. Simple natural brisk walking, jogging, running, or swimming will do the trick. The only thing along with that is a balanced diet and obesity could be a thing of the past.

Regular exercise does not just bring along with it weight loss, but also a feel good factor along with it. It helps to flex the muscles which in turn become toned and appear better. It also improves the hormonal system as exercising helps the release of dopamine which is the ‘feel good’ hormone of the body. So it overall not just makes you look good but helps you feel better from within as well.

And most importantly helps you be as close to nature as possible.

It is a known fact that if you are feeling good about yourself, it will show in the form of a glow on your face and shine on your skin. It will also help you be closer to nature and be in perfect sync with it.

The Rotary Home Exchange Fellowship has encouraged this environmentally friendly, comfortable, and economical activity for over 30 years. Thousands of Rotarians have had glorious vacations and experiences from Taipei to Toronto, San Francisco to Sydney, or London to Los Angeles. International understanding has been improved the old fashioned way, one friendship at a time.

ROTARY, FREEMASONRY AND THE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH

ROTARY, FREEMASONRY AND THE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH
This badge was found by our historian colleague, Dr.  Wolfgang Ziegler and triggered off a search for its origin which has not yet been resolved.   The central part of what is otherwise a normal Rotary lapel badge, seems to show the symbols of Freemasonry, the set square and compasses, while the letter ‘G’ in the centre is also an indication of the Scottish Rite of Masonry. We know that many of the early Rotarians were Masons and  that, according to C.R. Hewitt in ‘Towards My Neighbour’, some Rotary clubs recruited exclusively from Freemasons until the practice was banned in the 1920s.  To date, no precise details of these links have been found in the archives of either body.

Many such details are not clear when we look back at things that have come into existence many years ago. A lot of research is required to unearth the meaning behind many things. The fear of the unknown is one that spares none and many hesitate and fear the worst when they are not sure about what they are associated with.  A trader goes through this feeling very regularly as he does not know what will happen to the market and this anxiety may cause him to take wrong decisions. Automated software like The Brit Method, prevents such mistakes.

The relationship was a matter of some discussion and in February 1923, an article in ‘The Rotary Wheel’  sought to allay fears among Rotarians who might think that their membership of the one could cause problems in the other.

However, many people who did not know much about these organisations, thought that Rotary was a form of Masonry.  This eventually led to a much more serious problem when the Catholic Church, which had long been an antagonist of Masonry, classed Rotary as a similar organisation.

Also see the Ziegler Collection G.K. Chesterton who was often a vocal critic of Rotary, was a Catholic convert. and his adherence to the sectarian line may have coloured his views.

The problems seem to have started in Spain about 1928 when  the Bishops of  Almeria, Leon,  Orense, Palencia and Tuy  laid charges that  Rotary is  “nothing else but a new satanic  organisation with the same background and teachings of masonry” and that “according to documents and reliable sources, Rotary is a suspected organisation, and should be considered as execrable and perverse”. The Church also criticised and condemned Rotary for showing  a concept of life and of service without reference to church teaching.  Indeed, it seems that  they believed it a secret society with quasi-religious overtones as many in the Church thought was the case with Freemasonry.  For whatever reason, the Vatican took up the reins and  in 1929 issued a decree that “it is not expedient” for Catholic priests to participate in Rotary either as members or guests. This decree and its implications were worrying to the many Catholics in Rotary not the least the then President Tom Sutton who was himself a Catholic, and former Chancellor Germany Wilhelm Cuno, a member in Hamburg. Critical and at times disparaging articles regularly appeared in Catholic newspapers, especially in the  ‘Civilta Cattolica’ in Italy, and Tom Sutton went off to Rome to try to convince the Papal authorities that Rotary was not Masonic, and that it was a movement which was not in conflict with any Catholic teaching.

Sutton’s attempts to convince the Secretary of State in the Vatican, Cardinal Gaspari, were fruitless and the anti-Rotary articles continued to be published.  An even more virulent article later appeared in Paris in ‘La France Catholique’ making allegations about both Paul Harris and the links between Rotary and Freemasonry, which were later reprinted in the Baltic paper ‘Rytas’.

The factual errors could be, and promptly were shown to be false, and by 1933  there was a mood swing in the Vatican, perhaps partly occasioned by the number of prominent and influential Catholics throughout the world who were joining Rotary.  Priests were now allowed to use their discretion about attending or even joining Rotary.   Nevertheless, one of the results of the Church’s attitude was the slow development of Rotary in some predominantly Catholic countries such as Ireland.  

This uneasy peace continued until 1951 when another Vatican decree warned priests that they should not join Rotary and that “the faithful should be aware of seditious and suspected organisations”.  

By then, however, the world had changed and the decree caused an immediate angry response, among others from the then Catholic President of RI, Arthur Laqueux, and from the Rotarian Catholic Bishop of Fort Wayne, Indiana, who publicly declared  the decree “quite incomprehensible”.

Fairly soon, the Vatican began to retract. The official newspaper ‘Osservatore Romano’ wrote “In some nations, because of a prevalent Masonic influx, the action of Rotary Clubs has conflicted with the activity and the needs of the Church.  It must be said, however, that such has not been the case in other nations where the attitude of Rotary has shown itself in practice tolerant and benevolent towards religious interests.”By the end of the decade, the Catholic Truth Society was able to declare that “Rotary is neither secret nor seditious”.  It was nevertheless still regarded as a “society banned under pain of sin only”  and not of “sin and excommunication”.  Gradually there was a thaw in relations between the Church and Rotary. In 1970 Pope Pius VI addressed Rotarians in Italy, and in 1979 Pope John Paul II spoke to the International Convention in Rome, praising some of Rotary’s humanitarian programmes at a  special audience in the Vatican.  Later he accepted a Paul Harris Fellowship and a World Understanding and Peace Award from Rotary, while Catholic priests throughout the world were taking positions of authority, even serving as District Governors.

As Alvarez points out, it was not only Rotary that was condemned during the 1930s and 1940s.  The Lions Clubs and even the YMCA incurred the wrath of the Vatican. In fact, the condemnation of the Y.M.C.A. was even earlier in 1920 when it was described as “White Masonry”, on the grounds that “such organisation, while showing special concern for the youth, corrupted their faith, teaching them a conception of life dispensing with the Church and all religious teachings. The Y.M.C.A. is contributing to the decay of the youth’s faith, by affirming that its purpose  is to show them a conception of life without churches or religious confession”.

HIRAM ELMER SHOREY

Section Home • Paul Harris 711 Club • Join the Paul Harris Room 711 Club • Background Index • How it Happened • From Chicago • Where is 711? • Norm Recalls • A Tour of the room • 711 Photo Gallery • Gus Loehr • GUSTAVE LOEHR: ROTARY�S FORGOTTEN FOUNDER • The Harris’s • Hyram Elmer Shorey


HIRAM ELMER SHOREY 29 August 1862 – 29 March 1944

Hiram Shorey, like Paul Harris, was a small town New Englander whose antecedents had come out to America in the 17h century. Several people have been tracking Hiram’s family history in particular George Rogers of Litchfield, Maine.

One starting point for a search were Hiram’s obituaries; in the Chicago Daily News for Friday 31 March, 1944, Hiram Shorey was described as being “aged 82, a Loop tailor for half a century and one of the founders, in 1905, of the Rotary Club”. The Chicago Tribune added that “Mr. Shorey was a merchant tailor from Litchfield, Me.” These suggest that he had been in Chicago since at least 1894 as well as confirming that Hiram was born in Litchfield, Maine � 1862.
The relevant entries were as follows:-

Descendants of Jacob Shorey
Generation No. 1
1. JACOB SHOREY. bapt May 30 1736
married HANNAH COES or CROSS
October 27, 1756 Berwick, Maine Generation No. 2 2. JOHN SHOREY (JACOB 1) born May 21,1758, Litchfield,Me
m. MARY KILGORE. Dec 12, 1779
died Aug 14, 1837, Litchfield,Me.

Generation No. 3
3. HIRAM SHOREY(a) (JOHN 2, JACOB 1) born Mar 6, 1786,
Berwick, Me
m. REBECCA CHADBURN Feb 4, 1814 or 1815
died February 23, 1870, Litchfield, Maine.

Generation No. 4
4. EDWARD SHOREY(b) (HIRAM 3, JOHN 2, JACOB 1)
born April 5, 1835 or 1836 Litchfield, Maine
married LOUISE E. PURRINGTON Sept 15, 1861.

Generation No. 5
5. HIRAM ELMER SHOREY(c) (EDWARD 4, HIRAM 3, JOHN 2, JACOB 1)

born August 09, 1862, Litchfield, Me.
married i OLENA ANDERSON
ii GERTRUDE
died March 29 1944, Chicago, Il

The next search had to be for JACOB’s (1) ancestry.

The patriarch of the family was probably Sampson Shores, born in Buckland Brewer, Devon, England in 1614. Sampson married twice, the first time to Abigail Benson in 1640 in Buckland Brewer where his wife was born. They had a daughter Eunice, but Abigail must have died at or shortly after the birth because about a year later Sampson Shore married Abigail Purchase in Massachusetts. The Purchases came from Dorchester, Dorset where Abigail was born on July 4 1624. The likely scenario is therefore that Sampson emigrated to America immediately after the death of his wife and that Eunice went to be raised by a family member in Devon because she subsequently married Charles Glidden in Bideford in 1658. Meanwhile Sampson working as a tailor, appears in Boston, Mass in 1641 and there he joined the church in January 1642. later becoming a Deacon. With his second wife he raised a new family between 1643 and 1660. In this family Jonathan was the oldest, born in 1643. There were four daughters: Abigail, Susanna, Ann, and Elizabeth, and probably four other sons. Jonathan eventually went to live in Lynn. The IGI gives a further two earlier generations of SHORES, George born 1571 and his father John born 1545, both in Warleggon in Cornwall. There is some doubt about this attribution because a search in Warleggon by a local Rotarian has failed to find any Shores there. However, we can be reasonably sure that Hiram Shorey’s ancestors came from the West Country.

Generation A
A. JOHN SHORE born Before 1545
Warleggon, Cornwall, England Generation B B. GEORGE (John 1) SHORE born Dec 19, 1571,
Warleggon, Cornwall, England Generation C
C SAMPSON (John A, George B) SHORE
born Abt 1614 Devon, England
married i ABIGAIL BENSON
ii ABIGAIL PURCHASE abt 1641
Generation D
D. JOHNATHAN (John A, George B, Sampson C) SHOREY
born April 12, 1643, Boston, Mass
m. PRISCILLA HATHORNE
Jan 15 1668 Boston, Mass
died ? Rehoboth, Mass
Generation E
E SAMUEL (John A, George B, Sampson C, Johnathan D) SHOREY
born Feb 1, 1683, Lynn, Mass
m. MARY RHODES
April 29, 1702 Kittery, Me
died August 18, 1769, Kittery, Me

Generation F
F JOHN (John A, George B, Sampson C, Johnathan D, Samuel E) SHOREY
b. Aug 10, 1704, Kittery, Me
m. i ANNE HODSON
Mar 15, 1725 Berwick
ii MARY CLARK
died < July 1762

Generation G or Generation No. 1 supra
JACOB SHOREY bapt May 30 1736

George Rogers found that John Shorey, a Deacon, had been married twice. The Marriage Records of Berwick (Maine) show a marriage between John Shorey and Amy Hodson on March 15 1725, and the Berwick Birth Records list two children of this union, Amy, baptised May 18 1728 and Sarah, baptised July 19, 1730. A third child, Mary, baptised July 2 1732, was recorded as the child of John and Mary Shorey. This was also true of the fourth child, John, on July 28, 1734. This suggests that John’s first wife, Amy, had died and that he married a woman named Mary circa 1731. The remaining children, Mary born on July 2, 1732 and Jacob baptised on May 30, 1736, were the children of this second wife, Mary Clark. This was confirmed in Deacon John’s will, probated in July 1762 which mentions a widow, Mary who appears in Clark family records too. This gave us JACOB son of JOHN SHOREY and MARY CLARK. The IGI showed Deacon John Shorey, born August 10 1704 in Kittery, Maine, as the son of SAMUEL SHOREY and his wife MARY THOMPSON RHODES. Samuel and Mary married on April 29, 1702 in Kittery, This Samuel was shown as born on February 1 1683 in Lynn, Mass. George Rogers does have difficulties about this provenance.

Firstly, he had found evidence that a soldier called Samuel Shorey had been called home to Braintree, Mass in 1690. As George wrote:
“‘The Genealogical Dictionary of Maine and New Hampshire’ by Walter G.
Davis, Sybil Noyes, and Charles T. Libbey is a very reliable source. It says that the Samuel Shores of Braintree who was a soldier at Piscataqua (Portsmouth, NH) in 1690 and later in Saco, Maine in 1696, is the same man who married Mary Rhodes on 28 April 1702. If it is true that the Samuel who married Mary Rhodes was a soldier in 1690, he can hardly be born in 1683 as the IGI suggests. What is possible is that his birth in 1683 is incorrect.

In fact if we move this date back 10 years to 1673, the whole story is possible. At present this is uncertain.

SILVESTER SCHIELE

The immediate background of Silvester (also spelled Sylvester) Schiele has been looked into with some success by Amos Thomas of the Brazil RC.

Described by Harris as “my most intimate Chicago friend, and one of the three who first met with me for dinner on Thursday evening, the 23rd of February, 1905”, Schiele became the first President of the club in Chicago, remaining a constant member till his death in 1945.

Perhaps the best source for the background of Silvester Schiele comes from the family bible which is still in the possession of his descendants.

Sylvester (sic) according to the IGI was born on June 29, 1870, in the small township of Montgomery, Pennsylvania, a few miles South of Williamsport. However, the Bible suggests otherwise. It was presented to his wife, “Mrs. Elizabeth Schiele by Her Husband, M. Schiele. April 8th 1882.”

On the page labelled ‘Births’, the entries include:- Michael Schiele Nov 2 1831 in Germany
Mary Margaret Miller born May 15 1839 in Pennsylvania
Elizabeth Krieble born April 3 1844 in Penn
Reuben Jacob Schiele born June 27 1857 Ohio
David Franklin Schiele born Sept 6 1859 Ohio
William Albert Schiele born July 4 1868 Indiana
SILVESTER SCHIELE born June 29 1870 Indiana
Nathan Cook Schiele born Jan 31 1879 Indiana
Andrew Draton Schiele born Dec 20 1882 Indiana
Charles Oscar Schiele born Feb 1 1885 Indiana
There were also six girls and an eighth boy.

In the section in the Bible marked ‘Deaths’, entries include:- Mary Margaret Schiele first wife of Michael Schiele died July 28 1866 in Clay County, Indiana

Michael Schiele died Sept 12 1897 in Clay County, Indiana Elizabeth Schiele died February 12 1922 in Clay City, Indiana Silvester Schiele died Dec 17 1945 in Chicago, Illinois

Michael, born in Germany, married Mary Miller on July 13 1856, in Medina County, Ohio (Travis), some 4 or 5 years after arriving in New York.

According to the IGI, Mary was born in Springfield, Fayette, Pennsylvania, but was of German stock. In their 10 years of marriage, she produced six children but died in 1866 in childbirth, after bearing twins, Rosena who died 3 months later, and Mary Elizabeth who lived until January 10 1948.

A few months later, on February 12, 1867, Michael married Elizabeth Krieble, the union producing a further nine children including Silvester.

The 1880 U.S. Census for Harrison Township, Clay County, Indiana, describes Michael as a farmer, assisted by his sons, Reuben, David and Henry, while Sylvester (sic) and the younger sons and daughters were “at home”. In ‘The History of Clay County, Indiana’ by Battery, published in 1889, there is a section about Michael Schiele. This describes him as:
“farmer and stock raiser, the fourth child of Michael and Mary (Smith) Schiele, both natives of Germany. The subject of this sketch emigrated to America in the spring of 1852, landing in New York City, whence he went to Montgomery County, Penn.” Michael is said to have left Pennsylvania with just 27 cents in his pocket.

After two years in Pennsylvania, 1852-3, he went from there “to Ohio, where he remained until 1861, when he moved to Indiana, stopping a few months in Owen County, then going to Harrison Township, Clay County, where he has since lived.” Owen County is adjacent to Clay County so the move was not a major one.

The mention of Montgomery, PA appears to confirm the Bible and IGI references to Montgomery County, an area frequented by the Pennsylvania Dutch or more properly Deutsch, and Michael’s wife is described elsewhere as being of “German parentage”. Travis in a ‘History of Clay County’ of 1909 describes them spending eight years probably in Copely in Medina County, West of Akron. This must have been from 1853-1861.

According to Battery, Michael was not brought up to be a farmer but after 8 years at school in Germany, he followed his father, also named Michael, into the trade of shoe making. In fact, the young Michael worked as a shoemaker in America until he could afford to buy land for farming. When the family moved to Indiana, their circumstances soon changed. James Walsh quoting Paul Harris says that the family lived in a log cabin in their early days in Clay County and the site of this and of the family farm has been identified by Rtn Amos Thomas of the Brazil RC. By 1889, this farm had grown to one of over 220 acres, triple the size of the one in 1870 when Silvester was born. Michael’s son Reuben later became one of the most prosperous farmers in the County.

The 1880 Census shows Michael as born in ‘Prussia’, the fourth son of an earlier Michael Schiele and his wife Mary Magdalene Smith (Schmidt??). This older Michael, Silvester’s grandfather, was born in Wittenberg, according to Travis, and was also married there. Wittenberg is a small town halfway between Leipzig and Berlin in the area called Halle and had come under Prussian control in 1815. This university town was where Martin Luther nailed his tracts to the church doors. It was from here that Silvester’s father made his way to New York.

It has not been possible so far to trace the German origins of Silvester Schiele.

When you invest via trading software like Fintech Ltd, you don’t have to learn much about the stock market. You need not go to a trader and depend on them to increase your savings by investing it in the right funds. You can invest on your own as this software will take care of the rest.

Rotary Club of Minneapolis 9 1910

Brief histories of the “First 100” Clubs

Rotary Club of Minneapolis 9 1910

Rotary International District 5950

Rotary Global History Fellowship Day award February 2010

When it comes to money, one can never be casual about it. It is a commodity that is always in demand and there is an ever growing need for it. Those who have none or very little, will want it for survival. For such people whose lifestyle is backwards due to the lack of funds, get help from various organizations like the Rotary Club. This organization strives to make a change in the world and give people a better life.

For those who have enough or plenty, they will want to safeguard it and let it grow in the meantime as letting it lie around idle in the bank is a waste. For such people, investing in stock markets could be the best option. One can enter and exit any time, can shift funds within minutes, unlike investing in properties or jewelry, etc.

Today, there is no need for a person to spend their precious time, analyzing and studying the stock market. They need not go in for a physical trader either. They can invest in any stock through the automated software – Fintech Ltd. Here one need not depend on any other human as the software does everything for you and ensures your money is invested properly.

Know This

When you are investing in mutual funds, one must be aware of the following:

The Fund House

The fund house that offers the mutual fund can do so only after getting proper approvals and permissions from the body of authority. However, it is the duty of the investor to conduct a research about the fund house itself, to know more about their credentials and how they operate. This will enable you to make a well informed decision.

Team’s Experience

The experience of your fund management team is crucial. You are trusting this team with your hard earned money and the only rational thing to do is to research and get to know about these people before you hand over your money. Never hand over your money just because someone asked you to.

System Followed

Get to know more about the system followed by the fund house. Only of the investment process is well established, will the fund house work smoothly. Getting to know what are the procedures and systems in place will help you take a wise decision when deciding on which funds to invest in.

Objective

Every scheme has an objective, no matter what category it belongs to. It is this objective which determines where this fund house invests in. based on the level of risk you are willing to take and the period for which you are ready to invest, the funds have to be selected.

Style

Every fund house has its own style of investing. Observe the fund house you are considering, understand their style of investment to decide if it will suit your needs. The investments will be made based on the level of risk you are willing to take and the market. Read through  the offer document carefully before you go ahead and invest.

The Four Way Test

Herbert J. Taylor, president, Rotary Club of Chicago, 1939-40 and Rotary International 1954-55. He lived from 1893 to 1978. During a business crisis in 1932, he wrote the “Four Way Test,” shown below. It was adopted as part of Rotary International in January of 1943. Taylor’s President’s Page

 examples from the world of Business

The Four Way Test “Four Way Test” around the world 
 One of our contributor’s on the “Test”

 

The simple and straightforward Four Way Test was written by Chicago Rotarian Herbert J Taylor in 1932. It is not necessarily a catechism but rather a purely subjective form of self-analysis. Truth is, of course, relative.

 

The test was primarily written for his bankrupt Club Aluminium Company in 1932. Herb actually gave up his job in �packaged groceries; house to house sales� (his classification in #1 club) in order to join 250 other employees onboard the so-called �sinking ship�. …Read the entire essay…

Herb was the third child of Frank and Nellie Taylor, born in Pickford, Michigan in 1893. The family were devout Christians and Herb was no exception. He would go on to found the Christian Workers Foundation to develop youth organizations.

After graduating with a BS degree from Northwestern University, Herb worked for the YMCA in France. In 1917, he also joined the Naval Reserve as the USA entered the Great War.

Herb married Gloria Forbich in 1919 and moved to Oklahoma. It was there that he helped found the Rotary Club of Wynnewood. He moved to Chicago in the late ’20s and joined Club #1 to which he served by holding almost every office of the Club including the Presidency.

Herb gave the right to use his famous Four Way Test to Rotary International in 1942 and also gave the movement the copyright in 1954 – the year when he himself served as RI President. (1954-55) He retained the rights to use the test for himself, his Club Aluminum Company and the Christian Workers Foundation. Calum Thomson

Predating this, was an interesting article in the 1925 June issue of The Rotarian, “We all lie like that.”

Herb Taylor writes about the “True spirit” of Rotary About the great things that Rotary does and those who recognize it. The Story Behind the Four Way Test, by Darrel Thompson Four Way Test – Texas Style Ethics � the Four-Way-Test � and More!

Also see our section at www.peacehistory.org

The “Four Way Test” around the world
Le crit�re des quatre questions :  (From France)

  1. Est-ce conforme � la v�rit� ?
  2. Est-ce loyal de part et d’autre ?
  3. Est-ce susceptible de stimuler la bonne volont� r�ciproque et de cr�er de meilleures relations amicales ?
  4. Est-ce profitable � tous les int�ress�s?”
De 4 weg test  (From the Netherlands)

�         Is het waar?

�         Is het billijk voor alle betrokkenen?

�         Bevordert het onderling vertrouwen en vriendschap?

�         Komt het alle betrokkenen ten goede?

The “Four Way Test” (From Germany)

Die 4-Fragen-Probe

Bez�glich der Dinge, die wir denken, sagen oder tun:

1. Ist es wahr?

2. Ist es fair f�r alle Beteiligten?

3. Wird es Freundschaft und guten Willen f�rdern?

4. Wird es dem Wohl aller Beteiligten dienen?

Many psychological tests are conducted to analyze a person. It may be for helping them or to understand them better. Sometimes these tests help in self analysis too. When one is in need of direction, these tests can help them find out what their real interests are and who they really are on the inside. Everyone hides behind a mask, which they portray for the society. It is like how a bottle of Goji Cream can help you hide and keep all your skin blemishes away. People sometimes forget who they really are.

Rotary’s Power for World Peace and “The Greatest Invention”

Rotary’s Power for World Peace and “The Greatest Invention”
 Paul Harris on page 258 of “My Road to Rotary” discusses Rotary’s power for world peace. What did Rotary do that received the attention of the U.S. Department of State prior to 1945?He also writes about Charles Steinmetz, the inventor of alternating electricity.

“The late Charles Steinmetz, wizard of mathematics and the world�s foremost electrical engineer, was once asked by Roger Babson to state what line of research such as radio, aeronautics, power transmission, etc., in his estimation promised most for humanity. His answer was that the greatest promise was not in any coming invention but in spiritual forces, the greatest power in the development of men.

Ever since their existence, the quest of human beings for knowledge and improvement continues. It is this very quality that has led to huge progress and development in every imaginable sphere of life.

 

Be it science, technology, arts, or any other fields, there is a great curiosity to learn more and create new things, which are better than before. Among several other things, the quest for great health is an ongoing process for most humans. After all, almost everyone would want to live a long, healthy and disease free life. However, this task is easier said than done.

 

Our lives today are far more stressed than those of previous generations. The world is moving at such a fast pace that it seems difficult to keep up with its pace at times. In such a situation, the issue of health takes a backseat and unfortunately, this has far reaching consequences.

 

In order to be successful people work harder to fulfill all their dreams and objectives. As age catches up, the struggle gets more difficult. This is when the effects of neglecting health during youth tend to become more evident.

 

It is very important to try and maintain a healthy lifestyle with a perfect balance of the three main components of food, rest, and exercise. This can have a huge impact in the prevention of various health issues and concerns in the future.

 

Making the right food choices is very crucial as this has a significant impact on the composition of the body. Eating natural foods that are rich in nutrients can not only make you look good but it can help you feel good too.

 

It is important to indulge in some form of exercise regularly. It is equally important to get adequate sleep to allow the body to rejuvenate itself. Lack of sleep can affect your mood and state of mind. This is turn would affect your performance at work and relationships with family and friends.

 

In spite of all their efforts, some people are overweight and suffer from obesity. A product like FitoSpray is ideal for those struggling with weight issues. It is a natural spray, which is sprayed in the mouth. It not only helps to lose the extra weight but also leaves you with a fresh breath.

 

Only when the body image is positive will there be a sense of confidence to face the world.One would not be conscious but pro active to meet people and create connections.

An organization like Rotary International is one such global initiative, which connects individuals who want to create a better world. They are associated with different causes such as education, better health for mothers and children, fighting disease etc.

 

One of their most important initiatives is that of promoting peace. This has special importance with respect to the global conditions prevalent today where violence and conflict affect millions.

 

Rotary works to understand the causes of conflict such as poverty, ethnic tension, inequality etc. and also how to address them by intervention. With training aimed at fostering understanding, communities are equipped with the knowledge and skills to resolve conflicts.

 

Another reason that leads to conflicts is an unequal distribution of resources. People wish to find happiness by obtaining material things but this is an incorrect way of thinking.

He then stated that men would eventually find that material things do not bring happiness and that when they realize that fact the world will advance more in one generation than it has in the past four. This statement by the great scientist may seem an extravagant expression but Steinmetz was not given to the use of extravagant terms. Exactitude was one of his most marked characteristics. What might spiritual forces accomplish? They might perhaps find a way to avert war. What invention could compare in value with the finding of a way to everlasting peace?”  Paul Harris, Page 260, “My Road to Rotary” 1947  [Read more of the article here, in “My Road to Rotary.”]

Rotary Club of Duluth 25

Brief histories of the “First 100” Clubs

Rotary Club of Duluth 25

Rotary International District 5580

 

Rotary Became International at the
1912 Rotary Convention in
Duluth

Duluth

Rotary held its Third Annual Convention in Duluth in 1912. At that time, the Constitution was revised, changing the Rotary name from the National Association of Rotary Clubs to the International Association of Rotary Clubs.

Thus in 1912, Rotary became international and was comprised of 46 U.S. clubs and clubs in Winnipeg, Canada; London, England; and Belfast and Dublin, Ireland� 50 clubs in all.

Two members of Rotary Club of Duluth have served as directors of Rotary International:

 

1911-1913����Edward J. Filiatrault
1913-1914������Frank E. Randall

 

 

Duluth Rotarians Helped Design the Rotary Wheel,
the Emblem of Rotary

The first Rotarians chose a buggy wheel as their emblem. Within a few years there were as many designs as there were clubs.

National headquarters invited clubs to submit a new design. At the 1912 Convention in Duluth the gear wheel in royal blue and gold was adopted as Rotary�s official emblem. But even it was to survive for only eight years.

This is the case in most situations. When something new is started and history is created, it is not easy. it never happens over night. Apart from the time and effort taken to initialize rotary, many changes had to be made in the due course to make it what it is today. This constant evolvement is what keeps it alive and improves it with time. As time changes, the concepts, aims and goals should change too, only then will people continue being part of such an organization. Else, it will remain only in the books and soon be forgotten.

When you invest in the stocks, one does not really remember how some stocks soared and just vanished after a while. Unless he is a trader, he does not have the need to remember it. The stocks that were volatile and still continue to draw investments are the ones people will remember and go in for their investment. When it is a human trader, he will be required to calculate based on the historical movements of both the stocks and the market itself. sometimes, it can lead to errors or wrong judgments. However, when it is all fed into a software and the entire process is automated like with Fintech Ltd, the room for human error or miscalculating is removed.

But this doesn’t come easy either. It was developed by Daniel Roberts who has been a trader and is well experienced in the stock market. When such experienced people develop something, it is more trustworthy than what is created by people out of just an idea or vision. This is because the experience people will know what will work and what won’t just like with Rotary’s official emblem.

Engineers complained that wheel was as designed mechanically unsound and could do no work. So a two man committee, Rotarians Oscar Bjorge and Charles H. Macintosh of Chicago (a former Duluth Rotarian), was appointed to make the necessary corrections. Their design was adopted and announced in 1920, and has been used through the years� with one exception. Because a gear wheel without a keyway is only an idler incapable of transmitting power to or from a shaft, the keyway was added in 1923. The power, thus applied, has kept the wheel of Rotary turning ever since.

 See Rotary’s 3rd Convention

 Duluth Women’s Rotary Club in 1911

See our delegation at Rotary’s 2nd convention in Portland, Oregon, USA in 1911. A rare, early Rotary Global History photo.  Edward J. Filiatrault, one of the club’s charter members, and the only representative sent to Portland in 1911, landed the 1912 Convention for Duluth. He became Duluth’s 2nd President, and was 

President during the 1912 Duluth Convention.

ROTARY’S WHEEL EMBLEM

ROTARY’S WHEEL EMBLEM

A wheel has been the symbol of Rotary since our earliest days. The first design was made by Chicago Rotarian Montague Bear, an engraver who drew a simple wagon wheel, with a few lines to show dust and motion. The wheel was said to illustrate “Civilization and Movement.” Most of the early clubs had some form of wagon wheel on their publications and letterheads. Finally, in 1922, it was decided that all Rotary clubs should adopt a single design as the exclusive emblem of Rotarians. Thus, in 1923, the present gear wheel, with 24 cogs and six spokes was adopted by the “Rotary International Association.” A group of engineers advised that the geared wheel was mechanically unsound and would not work without a “keyway” in the center of the gear to attach it to a power shaft. So, in 1923 the keyway was added and the design which we now know was formally adopted as the official Rotary International emblem. http://www.icufr.org/abc/abc01.htm

Got a wheel of your own to show? send a message: www.historycomment.org
Symbols and emblems used in many places have a great impact. This symbol is what people associate the whole organization or group with. It is a way with which it is recognized and stands apart in the crowd. While there is a variety of software to help you trade in binary options, Orion Code stands apart due to its ease of use and reliability.

Trademarks

ROTARY, the ROTARY EMBLEM, ROTARY INTERNATIONAL, ROTARIAN, THE ROTARY FOUNDATION, THE ROTARY FOUNDATION EMBLEM, ROTARY CLUB, ROTARY WORLD, INTERACT, the INTERACT EMBLEM, ROTARACT, the ROTARACT EMBLEM, SERVICE ABOVE SELF, PAUL HARRIS FELLOW, the IMAGE OF PAUL HARRIS, POLIOPLUS, PRESERVE PLANET EARTH, the PRESERVE PLANET EARTH EMBLEM, among numerous others, collectively the “Rotary Marks,” are registered trademarks of Rotary International, 1560 Sherman Avenue, Evanston, Illinois 60602, USA. All rights reserved.

RI owns the trademarks for the use and benefit of all Rotarians. By complying with the guidelines for the use of the Rotary Marks you are helping to protect the Rotary Marks for all Rotarians into the future. The use of any of the Rotary Marks in any manner not authorized by the Constitution and Bylaws of Rotary International, or by action of the Rotary International Board of Directors, is forbidden and all Rotary districts, clubs, individual Rotarians and other recognized Rotary Entities (as defined in the Rotary Code of Policies) shall conform to this provision. Rotary Entities must refrain from the use of the word “Rotarian” as part of the name or title of any document or publication placed on the Internet. The word “Rotary” may not be used without a qualifier in order to indicate source by any Rotary district, club, other recognized Rotary Entity, or Rotarian. (The word “Rotary” when used without a qualifier indicates that the source is Rotary International. Programs, web sites, and other communications not originated from, or directly sponsored by, Rotary International must contain a qualifier of the specific “district,” “club,” or other source.) Any reproduction of the Rotary emblem or other of the Rotary Marks must conform to RI specifications. The name, emblem, and other Rotary Marks should not be altered, modified, or obstructed in any manner, nor reproduced in other than their complete form.

Any commercial use of the Rotary Marks is limited to and governed by the licensing system of Rotary International and must be officially licensed by Rotary International.

Rotary International strongly encourages all Rotarians to familiarize themselves with official Rotary International guidelines regarding the Rotary Marks as contained herein and in the Rotary International Manual of Procedure. With your help, we can ensure the protection of the Rotary Marks and prevent any unauthorized use. For more information on the proper use of the Rotary Marks please see the guidelines for the use of the Rotary Marks (.pdf).  http://www.rotary.org/resources/copyright.html

Historic Wheels

Dr. Wolfgang Ziegler

Also see our section on Rotary history in German

RGHF Wheels & Logos, not all necessarily approvable

The First RGHF Logo

Another Early RGHF Logo

This, the second RGHF logo, was abandoned since it did not follow RI guidelines.

An early RGHF graphic

Our present logo, designed by the famed Tord Elfwendahl of Sweden

Miscellaneous Wheels

Fun Wheels

Dr. Wolfgang Ziegler

Examples of Wheels which may not be in compliance with RI Regulations

wheel.gif

Fun Designs

Rtn. Chandraakant Dalal, RC of Mumbai North Island, Dist 3140 India

Want to add to the Fun Wheel page: www.historycomment.org