|We are a global group in 20 countries with good networking through a Google group. We are mostly doctors, but also have members in other health related professions such as hospital administration, nursing etc. We tend to support local health initiatives with our hands on efforts. Some groups undertake regular volunteering in overseas countries in specific hospitals in Africa and South America.
This International Fellowship of Rotarian Physicians wishes to make an endeavor to spread good health and happiness across the globe. They do their best by spreading awareness about simple tasks like maintaining hygiene which form the basis of good health. These physicians are aware that when it comes to personal hygiene often people take it for granted and avoid visiting a doctor or a pharmacy.
In today’s stress full times, almost everything is performance based with immense pressure on almost everyone. In order to achieve goals and perform better, people often ignore themselves. People do not remember that taking care of themselves is more important than achieving professional goals.
This often gives rise to ignored and untreated conditions, especially skin conditions. With long hours wearing socks or dealing with water or any such chores often gives rise to skin infections particularly in the hands and feet. These most commonly are fungal infections that one can find between fingers and toes and even on the nails. Bad odor emanating from the feet is yet another effect of neglecting personal health.
The result could be a continuous itch around the affected area, and may even progress or lead to other complications that include asthma, diabetes mellitus etc. Almost every affected person is aware that they need to seek help, but visiting a doctor or a pharmacy is something they dread. Often people wish to look out for some easy solution that can be made available within the comforts of their home. And this is where Fresh Fingers comes into play.
It is a simple easy to use solution that can be used as a precautionary measure as well as treat existing skin conditions. Its ingredients make sure your skin infections are erased out and you get back your soft, supple and healthy looking skin. Also, the fresh fragrance helps combat the bad odor from your feet too.
The main components of Fresh Fingers include:
Fresh Fingers can be applied to almost all common skin infections and conditions of the hands and feet that tend to distress a person who lacks the time to treat it. Use Fresh Fingers for conditions that include:
Using Fresh Fingers is very easy, as it is available as a deodorant that can be directly applied to the affected area.
Ordering it is also simple, as it is available on the website with some attractive discounts.
We undertake health promotion and health screening in Conferences and particularly at RI Conventions.
|2008 Conventions LA|
|US Health Camp|
|IFRP -Kolkata Chapter|
The history of Rotary, in Canada, was crucial to the spread of Rotary around the world. Rotary, in its centennial year of 2005, paid little attention to the brave work of James Wheeler Davidson & James Layton Ralston, The Calgary & Halifax Rotarians who carried Rotary “Around the World” or the early clubs from that huge country. This section of the history project was undertaken in 2001 to add to the knowledge of what Canada did for Rotary. Much of this work was contributed by the late PDG James Angus.
Edited and posted by Jack M. B. Selway, RGHF Founder 13 August 2001. revised 3 July 2010
|History of Zone 24|
|Rotary International Presidents from Canada (biographies here)
Rev. E. Leslie Pidgeon 1917
Dr. Crawford McCullough 1921
John R. Nelson 1933
Arthur Lagueux 1950
Wilfrid J. Wilkinson 2007
|Rotary International Conventions held in Canada
Histories of the Canadian Conventions (more)
Convention home pages below:
Harris’ Message to the first convention in Canada.
Montreal 2010 (Booklet Prepared for R.I. Convention, Montreal, 2010)
Read all of the convention histories
|Find all the Canadian District histories at districthistory.org and at 5010 5040 5050 5060 5080 5360 5370 5550 5580 6290 6330 6380 6400 7010 7040 7070 7080 7090 7790 7810 7820 7850|
| The seven Canadian “First 100” Clubs
1 March 1913
1 April 1913
1 August 1913
1 August 1913
1 October 1913
1 January 1914
|* Not chartered until 13 Apr 1912 *Made Rotary International|
The advancement of international understanding, goodwill and peace through a world fellowship of business and professional persons united in the ideal of service.� -The Fourth Object of Rotary initially composed by Donald MacRae.</style=”font-size:>
|<style=”font-size: 9pt”=””> 1910-1912 plus a 1914 report from The Rotarian and photos of early leaders
|<style=”font-size: 9pt”=”” color=”#800000″> James Wheeler Davidson, James Layton Ralston, and Donald MacRae</style=”font-size:>
The Calgary & Halifax Rotarians who carried Rotary “Around the World”
|<style=”font-size: 9pt”=”” color=”#800000″><style=”font-size: 9pt”=””> The story of how one Canadian Learn more about former RI VP Jim Davidson, from RC of Calgary who was asked in 1928 to “strengthen the slender chain of clubs between Europe and Japan.”</style=”font-size:>
|Read about Col. James Layton Ralston, (left) also Rotary’s commissioner|| Donald MacRae, a driving force being “service” in Rotary. Also listed under www.earlyleaders.org
Also see the Zone 22 Peace Award
|Some Canadian Achievements and Landmarks in Rotary
Winnipeg Rotary Club, Manitoba, has the distinction of being the Club that made Rotary international.
It was, thus, both natural and appropriate that Walter Clubb, President of the Winnipeg Club was given the honor to propose the change of name of our organization from the National to the International Association of Rotary Clubs at the Duluth Convention in 1912. Duluth also allowed for one vice-president of the association representing Canada.
The Winnipeg Club would also give Rotary its first Canadian International President in the Rev E. Leslie Pidgeon (1917-18). Crawford McCullough of Fort William, Ontario followed in 1921-22. In 1933-34 Montreal Rotary Club’s John Nelson served as President of Rotary International.
Canadian Rotarians Donald McRae and Charlie Burchell contributed greatly to the Rotary Constitution. Burchell was a founder member of Halifax Rotary Club, Nova Scotia and he would also become a Rotary International 3rd Vice-President 1925-6. McRae, District Governor 1917-18, was Dean of the Dalhousie Law School and Chairman of the incoming Committee on the Constitution and By-laws as appointed by President Estes (‘Pete’) Snedecor. These two lawyers helped draft the Fourth Object covering Peace, Goodwill and World Understanding that was accepted at the 1922 Rotary Convention in Los Angeles.
As 1960/61 President-elect Nitish C. Laharry said at the Tokyo Convention, this was “The moment we forget International in Rotary, we may as well forget Rotary itself”. In 1955, RI President Herbert J Taylor wrote a letter of thanks to McRae for his work describing it as “that most important milestone in the History”.
Rotary as a Canadian national movement never really took off. One explanation derives from the first ever district conference (unofficial) held on February 21st 1914 between the Pacific North West Clubs of Seattle, Tacoma, Portland and Spokane and their British Columbia neighbors of Vancouver and Victoria. These clubs had a link in that they all derived from their mother club – Seattle Rotary Club.
Sad how sometimes humans miss out on something so important. Now, when you invest your money in the stock market, what if your trader misses out on an important fund? When you invest through an online trading platform like Fintech Ltd, you won’t have to worry about any human errors that may cost you your savings instead of increasing it.
|This link was of fundamental importance as, when in 1915, at the San Francisco Convention, districts were introduced, Vancouver and Victoria were placed along with their Canadian colleagues in a West/ Prairie Canadian District (District 18) encompassing British Columbia, Manitoba, Alberta and Saskatchewan. Vancouver and Victoria did not wish to leave the fellowship they had established with their American neighbors and successfully were re-united with the Pacific North West Rotary Clubs. Thus, the first International District was formed.
Today, the district system from Ontario to British Columbia naturally forms Canada-USA districts running North to South rather than simply adopting a nationalist approach. Examples include District 6330 and 6400 covering both Michigan USA and Ontario, Canada. District 5020 covers both the Province of British Columbia and Washington State. District 7090 encompasses both New York State and Ontario. Canadian and American Rotarians are naturally the best of friends.
Perhaps the roots to such friendship derive from 1924 when Bruce Richardson, Chairman of the Winnipeg Club’s Program Committee joined forces with Minnesota Rotary Clubs to hold a meeting devoted to “International Friendship and Goodwill”. Eleven U.S. and seven Canadian Clubs met. These became an annual event with President Emeritus Paul Harris attending in 1929.
In 1922, at the LA Convention, Canadian Clubs asked for the creation of a Canadian Advisory Committee. The committee was not a replica of the British territorial unit but a less formal gathering. Section 6 helped define its purpose: – “Any matter of policy exclusively national to Canadian Clubs or Canadian Rotary shall be first referred to the Committee herein, for consideration and their recommendation, that the Board of Rotary International may be guided in their actions by the said recommendations.”
RIBI and RI History of Districts
|Winnipeg and the International Goodwill Weekend||From the December 2010/January 2011 issue of “Canada History.”|
A Part of Our History of Rotary Fellowships
Note that the name was changed from “Rotary International Drug Abuse Prevention Action Group” to “Fellowship of Rotarians for the Prevention of Drug Abuse”.
The Rotary has always been known to do all that it takes to make the lives of others healthier and happier. In 1992, the Rotary International Drug Abuse Prevention Task Force was established. This organization recognized drug abuse as an international problem that was destroying many individuals as well as families. They made an endeavor to try and spread awareness so that problem of drug abuse reduces naturally.
Individuals usually resort to drug abuse to feel good about themselves. But if one needs to feel good, there are better options to look good and feel good as well. And one need not take up drug abuse instead.
Eco Slim comes as one such solution. You can make use of Eco Slim and look better and feel better too.
Everyone wants to look good and feel good, but getting a slim looking figure is often not so easy, especially because of piling up extra weight. A sedentary lifestyle, poor dietary habits and lack of exercise often lead to increased weight, which in the long run becomes difficult to shed.
Excessive weight while affects a person appearance wise is also harmful as it becomes the root cause of various diseases, including heart diseases. But again, staying healthy by maintaining a healthy lifestyle and exercising regularly is not easy to take up. Food products available usually contain harmful substances like mono sodium glutamate, that adds taste to food but is very bad for health. This also adds to the existing difficulty of shedding that extra weight.
Eco Slim has figured out a simple solution that spares you all the hard work and gives you a slim looking figure. Often it is the lack of minerals that help burn fat that cause the piling up of all the extra weight. But if these vitamins and minerals are added naturally and easily to your body, you will lose that weight easily. Eco Slim does exactly that, as these vitamins and minerals form its key ingredients.
Vitamin B2: The natural extracts from the legume family which is its richest source, becomes one of the ingredients of Eco Slim
Vitamin B6: Rich proportions of these are available in the wild rose bush. Eco Slim uses these extracts as it improves metabolism and helps losing fat faster and more easily. Additionally, it is also a good source for maintaining healthy hair and nails.
Vitamin B12: This is essential for improving the body metabolism as well as for better absorption of food. Eco Slim derives its natural source from shell fish, crustacean, fish, red meat, low-fat milk, cereal etc.
Vitamin B5: It is important for better absorption of fats and carbohydrates so they get digested better. These are available in fat rich fish, cheese, mushrooms, meat, sun flower seeds etc.
Vitamin B8: This is important for lowering the levels of cholesterol in the body.
Other useful ingredients in Eco Slim include Taurine, caffeine and succinic acid.
Using Eco Slim to lose weight is very easy. Since it is available in liquid form in a vial, all one has to do is add 20-25 drops of this liquid into water and drink it about half an hour prior to a meal. This must be repeated twice daily.
One must take care to ensure the time gap between two doses is equal, and a gap of about 12 hours is ideal.
Ordering Eco Slim is also extremely easy. You can also take advantage of some attractive promotional offers available too.
Skiing is enjoyed worldwide by thousands of Rotarians and their families of all ages and abilities. What better and more enjoyable avenue to build new friendships and international understanding than to join your fellow Rotarians and sharpen your skills on the slopes of the world or see the world on cross-country skis! Not only will your physical fitness improve, but with a closer understanding of Rotary ideals your spirit will be enriched as well.
By joining the Fellowship, you will not only meet Rotarians from around the world who share your interest in skiing, but you will create lasting friendships
Just as these new friendships and new relations bring happiness and peace to you, yet another way to be happy is by staying healthy and fit. But sometimes our bodies get burdened with excessive parasites that enter our system and make them toxic. By this we realize that we get tired easily, do not have the will or the energy to perform any task, suffer from various symptoms like skin eruptions, bags under the eyes or even when eyes suffer lacrimation. All of these are signs that the body has become toxic and requires to be detoxified.
When we talk about detoxifying the body, one always thinks of treatments that must be undergone after a bad hang over. But that is not always true, sometimes consumption of daily food items that we think are healthy when exceeding their moderation also result in causing parasitic growth in the body.
These daily food habits include excessive consumption of rich meals that have meat in them, tendons, also meals that are made from processed food. Other things include rich meals made from sugar or mono sodium glutamate. These food products are almost always good to taste but cause a lot of harm to the body. It encourages the entry and growth of parasites which in turn cause many ill effects on the body.
A person will realize that their body has become toxic when they see symptoms like weakness, fatigue, bags under the eyes, constant watering of eyes and much more. In such times, one can choose an easy option that will help detoxify the body naturally. The solution is Detoxic. It is a natural detoxifying agent that is mild on the body but powerful in action.
We know, that people are always hesitant to visit a doctor or a pharmacy for detoxification for fear of difficult procedures or expensive medicines. Detoxic works better than any tough procedure but is extremely cost effective and easy to use as well.
There are many benefits of using Detoxic, some of them are as follows:
It gives rise to healthy and shiny body that glows with good health. It is often noticed that when parasites enter your body the immunity of the body goes down. And one of the commonest effects is an allergic reaction. But Detoxic fights all these harmful parasites and helps to eliminate them from the system. This gives rise to healthy skin conditions.
Another feature of a toxic body is toxic organs. Even the liver, kidney, intestines and stomach become toxic and result in poor bodily functions. Detoxic helps to detoxify all the organs of the body and cleanse them from within. This results in a naturally fresh and improved digestive function. The bowel movement is also known to have improved significantly.
The main components of Detoxic are all natural extracts. They are as many as 20 herbal extracts, with some of the key ingredients being the tail of muzzles and cloves. These are powerful detoxifying agents that also flush out the toxins and parasites from the body and improving the overall health.
Obtaining Detoxic is simple, as it is easily available online. All you have to do is place your order with the correct address, and take advantage of the amazing discounts that are offered on them.
The First Annual International Skiing Fellowship Meeting was held in Vail, Colorado, in February of 1974. Since that firstmeeting, Rotarian ski events have been held in the USA in California, Colorado, Idaho, Massachusetts, Utah and Wyoming. Canada has hosted events in Alberta and British Columbia. The Rotary Ski World has held events in Italy and Austria.
The Ski Fellowship annual meeting and ski week is held each year in a different location. Area events are sponsored by Rotary Clubs through-out the world and are included in the articles and calendar of our Fellowship newsletters.
The International Skiing Fellowship of Rotarians is a group of Rotarians dedicated to promoting skiing as an opportunity for fellowship and service. This fellowship operates in accordance with Rotary International policy, but is not an agency of, or controlled by, Rotary International
President’s Name Arch C. Klumph*
Presidential Year 1916-1917
Home Town (Cleveland, Ohio, USA)
Atlanta, GA, USA
June 17-21 (2,588)
Listed as one of Rotary’s “Early Leaders” & considered the founder of today’s Rotary Foundation
Lesson from an Old Memory: The story of The Rotary Foundation
Klumph’s connection to England’s Prime minister and the assassin of President Lincoln
The Rotary Foundation dedicates the “Arch Klumph Room”
In The Rotarian (February 1915)
1951 Tribute by Crawford
Bio from The Rotarian (1916)
The recent past has seen a lot of changes in the lifestyle of common people. This is not just limited to men or women, but due to lifestyle changes and increased stress, the health of many have taken a toll. Due to lack of time, people often do not pay attention to themselves and are constantly on the lookout for short cuts.
Gone are the days when people took care of what they eat, and now opt for whatever foods are easily available. And in the process obesity has slowly become one of the growing problems all over the world.
Luckily for us, with improvement in the technology and science, battling obesity is no more just a far-fetched dream. We all know that eating a balanced diet along with moderate exercise is all that is needed to deal with obesity and overweight. But then what does one do with that strong craving for chocolate or those hunger pangs that refuse to leave?
This is where Chocolate Slim can help you. This new all natural revolutionary product is your perfect short cut to a slimmer and lighter you. While Chocolate Slim is full of advantages, one of its key advantages is that you can continue to enjoy the delicious taste of chocolate while losing weight along as well.
And the next advantage is that the ingredients of this wonder product are such that it reduces the appetite of a person naturally. And so a person can easily refrain from binge eating or indulge in unhealthy food habits.
And of course, the product is completely natural and so one need not worry about any artificial chemicals, paraben, GMO, artificial colors and other ingredients that cause harm to the body.
This is a perfect solution to combat obesity, which is now a rising problem among people. And this problem is no more limited to just women, but men also fall prey to obesity.
The ingredients of this wonder product by the name of Chocolate Slim include:
- Seeds of Green tea: We all know that green tea is a natural slimming agent. And so seeds of green tea help to naturally suppress the appetite and promote weight loss.
- Asia: It contains a cyanide which is available in the cartilage. This helps to block the adipocyte which means helps in burning the fat. It also has natural anti-oxidant properties which make it an amazing ingredient.
- Natural cocoa: This is the key ingredient that gives Chocolate Slim, its delicious chocolaty taste. It helps in the oxidation or the burning of fat in the body. It also strengthens the immune system while promoting weight loss. Because of this ingredient, it helps the person feel happy despite losing weight.
- Gotz Beri: These are extremely helpful in reducing the accumulation of fats in the body. It promotes weight loss by blocking the accumulation of fat.
- Chia Seeds: This also reduces the accumulation of fats in the body. It also is an excellent source of energy to the body.
- Rajish Extract: This helps in the normalizing of fat. It is also helpful in maintaining the overall condition of the body as the cholesterol levels are being reduced.
Consuming Chocolate Slim is very easy, all you need to do is take about 250 ml of milk and mix about 1-2 spoons of Chocolate Slim for women and 2-3- spoonfuls for men. And consume it as a replacement for meals.
The Fellowship is open to:
Rotary � Rotaract � Interact � Inner Wheel
Its aims are:
� Promoting friendship and the exchange of information on a global scale among those Rotarians who share a common interest for antique books and prints;
� Transmitting the knowledge and love for old books to other Rotarians, especially the younger ones;
� Taking advantage of the latest means of communication, which allow an easy access to a heritage which, in our District, happens to be among the richest in the world.
Books are not meant to be just read, they should be well preserved too, so that the next generation and other people can read it too. These members come together to make this possible and ensure they put in the required efforts to share information about such rare books. Real book lovers, even if they are suffering from varicose veins, will use some Varikosette and continue flipping through the pages of such ancient books. This is something only a true book lover would understand.
During its initial stage, the Fellowship will operate thanks to the generous support of Biblioteca Queriniana di Brescia (one of the oldest and most famous libraries in the country). We shall benefit of its computer facilities and of the assistance of its Director Aldo Pirola, who is to be appointed Secretary of the new Fellowship.
As requested by International Regulations, the initiative has received the approval of three Governors of three different countries, and was approved by the Central Council of Rotary International in November2006.
It has therefore been enclosed in the list of the Rotary Fellowships and is, to all intents and purposes, already active on the website: rotaryoldbooks.org
Why this kind of fellowship:
� Because among Rotarians all over the world there are numerous keen connoisseurs of antique books and prints;
� Because our District and Italy in general are abundantly endowed with this kind of cultural heritage, which, being unique, deserves protecting;
� Because the present internet facilities permit such access and consultation as were unthinkable in the past.
But above all because –
� Culture is the one element that offers multiple opportunities for a harmonious dialogue with the different realities of our world and our society.
� Because the cultural advancement of mankind is as relevant as its economic and social progress.
We trust that our project will succeed in promoting both knowledge and love for old books, while creating a pool of information accessible to all Rotarian bibliophiles, among which we have the pleasure of mentioning the Present President Bill Boyd, who quite recently declared to belong to a family of book lovers. We also hope that the use of internet will help overcoming the well-known lending reluctance that affects most bibliophiles, a diffidence which was well expressed by a medieval bibliophile:
Librum meum non prestabo, si prestabo non habebo, si habebo
non tam cito, si tam cito non tam bonum, si tam bonum perdo
amicum: Ergo nolo praestare librum.
Culture in the Rotary Clubs to the advancement of society
�It behoves to culture to promote new ideas and needs less tied to material objects, to form a class of better educated and civically conscious citizens, to create the means by which foreign cultures might meet, to promote the knowledge of foreign languages for better communication, enhancing not so much what is local but what is common to all�.
These meaningful words are, in my opinion, a compendium of the role culture should play, becoming a source where a person, who accepts life both as a challenge and a responsibility, might find his/her proper spiritual nourishment. According to the most advanced interpretation in anthropological research, by �culture� one generally means the entirety of experience, learning, system of values, choice of ways of life and modes of behaviour, through which an individual may refine and express the peculiar spiritual talents and physical endowment that will permit him/her to attempt at gaining power over nature through the discovering of its laws, and at modifying some of its aspects by means of sustained effort, while striving to make life within society more acceptable, both at family and community levels promoting personal habits and institutions.
From a historical point of view, on the other hand, culture expresses, communicates and preserves works that transmit the great experiences and spiritual aspirations of mankind, thus putting itself at the service of its progress.
Thus perceived, culture is every nation�s special heritage, reflecting their spirit and initiative, creative powers, technical and practical abilities, thus embodying the very reasons that made that nation, through the endless running of the centuries, worthy of respect and consideration. It is therefore hard, not to say impossible, to imagine that culture, the very product of intelligence and will power, which expresses the peculiar identity of each human being, might be turned into an element of restriction, of subordination, and an obstacle to the growth and development of mankind. Culture can and must be the foundation of any true moral and civic advancement of a nation.
Unfortunately, in the course of the twentieth century,culture did not progress as one might have wished or indeed expected; on the contrary, it suffered from long periods of profound disorientation condemned, as it was, to secondary roles of subordination. The causes of what may correctly be defined a cultural crisis are to be found in the historical circumstances that characterised the century.
The whole world as well as our own country are overcome by the winds of insecurity, fear, mistrust, and anxiety about the future. But if we show the will, the energy, and the courage to restore life and voice to culture, there may be good reasons for hope.
In particular all of us Rotarians, in an effort to dispel this deep feeling of disorientation, ought to take upon ourselves the heaviest burden of responsibilities towards the community, the environment, and every single human being. Fulfilling this duty represents an indispensable basis to prove our awareness of the significance of the facts, when they relate to the fundamental meaning of life, of the environment, of solidarity, in short, of the individual as a person called by destiny to transcendence.
Not only do the study of humanities and culture restore our dignity as human beings, but they provide us with the correct choices whether political, economic or social. Moreover, culture gives a meaning to all daily events, both private and public, whereby a horizon of hope might open upon present and future history.
Welcome to culture, then, which has been scorned, forgotten, and often manipulated to achieve base ends.
It will offer us food for discussion, thought, and investigation upon issues that concern all of us, and would otherwise be in the hands of the few, let alone remain unresolved. What is needed are reference points that may prove firm and open to testing.
What is needed is going back to truth, to a culture free from conditioning, from ideologies, not enslaved by regimes or parties, as in the worst of tyrannies. Culture will prove to be our best instrument in rising from the dev� astation suffered by the moral values of our country and to restore us to the rank of nation. �The common glories of our past, the common will for the present, having accomplished great feats together, the desire to accomplish more, these are the fundamental conditions for the making of a nation. A heritage of glories and remorse for what concerns the past, a common project for the future: the existence of a nation may be considered a daily plebiscite.�
I had a telephone conversation with dear Prof. Tristano Bolelli, founder and long President of the Galileo Galilei Award. On that occasion he reminded me that words are the essential vehicle of culture, the voice through which some of the great Muses find expression. Obviously as we all know Prof. Bolelli was a great, illustrious glottologist. Nor am I less convinced of the fundamental importance of the �word�.
Accordingly, since its earliest days, Rotary was especially concerned with the transmission of science, culture, and information. And we Rotarians, Paul Harris�s distant heirs, cannot but share his concern, and we pledge to renew his commitment, convinced as we are that learning and knowledge mean understanding, and understanding will generate mutual respect and friendship, which are among the noblest Rotarian ideals. With a view of exalting the functions of intelligence, science, and culture, Rotary Italy created the Galileo Galilei Award, which grows yearly in importance and recognition, so as to be considered the Italian Nobel Prize.
Our District is proud to announce that a project has been recently established as a Rorary Fellowship (Old and Rare Books and Prints). It is a socially and culturally worthy initiative, aimed at promoting friendly global exchange of information among those Rotarians who share the love for antique books and prints. And since I am aware that a new mode of thinking is on the way among the best educated and attentive minds, a trend that somewhat looks back to a more balanced relation between the material and the spiritual, I feel entitled to express such attitude. If this idea is right, then it is up to us Rotarians to translate it into realistic terms by planning and promoting a number of specific cultural and educational projects, covering all possible levels especially destined to the younger generation since they represent our future.
Allow me to start a conversation on antique books with this self-evident truth:� None of us would be what we are had our forefathers not possessed the instrument that enabled them to hand down to us the knowledge of what they were and did!�
Generation after generation, even the most distant in time, have left their imprints on the planet. Prehistoric man was a person like any of us, complete with his own complex inner self; and yet he could but carry such �human� heritage to his grave, because, deprived as he was of a writing system, he was unable to give it permanence. Indeed, it is writing that marks the discrimination between documented fact and Prehistory The road to the development of writing was long and even now is partly undiscovered: probably the process involved the gradual representation of reality, together with all its relative concepts, in a more and more abstract manner, by means of pictograms and ideograms, following models employed in Egypt and in the modern Far East.
In time, such signs must have acquired a phonetic value to replace the conceptual one, becoming, within the Mediterranean area, proper alphabet letters, through the composition of which, it was discovered one could create an infinite number of words to cover the endless demands of factual life. In fact, the �invention� of our writing system is attributed to the Phoenicians, a nation given to commerce. Nevertheless, beside a durable mode of transmission of thought (the alphabet), it was imperative to find a solid material to imprint, i.e. writing material. Nature offered stone, and later metals. During an archaic stage, the inner part of bark was used, which in Latin was called �liber�. But it was undoubtedly the Egyptian papyrus that emerged as the writing material more apt to have a durable employment, not least due to the Rare Antique Books and Prints ductility and resistance provided by strips made by intertwining the fibres from the stems of this plant, which grew plentiful on the banks of the Nile. Such strips could easily be rolled on and off a wooden pivot, forming a scroll called �volumen� from the Latin verb �volvere�, meaning rolling.
The intensive exploitation of the papyrus plantations and the difficulties in procuring it promoted the usage of a different type of writing material, which had been invented and used for centuries in the town of Pergamum, i.e. parchment or vellum (pergamena). It consisted of the skin of a young animal (lamb, goat or calf), duly prepared, smoothed out and cut in sheets, which were then sewn together to produce a series of pages, thus representing the prototype of the modern book format. Out of each single animal one could obtain about four parchment sheets; consequently, in order to copy a Bible, it would have been necessary to sacrifice a whole herd. This also explains why books were, during the whole length of the Middle Ages, extremely precious and rare objects, mainly produced in monasteries, where flocks of sheep and herds of cattle were abundant. The rarity and preciousness of books demanded their being ornamented by polychrome decorations of considerable artistic level; hence, the art of miniature illumination, cultivated for centuries within the medieval scriptoria. In fact, following the fall of the Roman Empire, illumination was for centuries the only form of pictorial art cultivated in the Western world. Working conditions in a monastic scriptorium must have been dire. Freezing in winter, scorching in summer, tall and very hard desks, lack of any form of enlargement tools, and the necessity of self producing the ingredients needed for the job � colours made out of herbs and flowers, ink out of soot, or even gold and silver, brushes from the hair of animal hides and bird feathers to write with � all of which meant rigidly disciplined amanuenses, whose endeavours produced such great masterpieces.
For centuries, the making of books went on by these methods until, around the middle of the 15th century, something occurred that would change the destiny of mankind: the introduction of the printing press by Johann Gutenberg. In the region surrounding Mainz, presses had been used for centuries, both to press grapes and house-linen. What Gutenberg envisaged was the possibility of an innovative application of the press to his own true great invention: the movable types. By pouring an alloy of molten metals into special moulds, he was able to obtain the different letters of the alphabet, which would then be assembled and disassembled to form words. Later, by putting the stencils obtained by such process under the press, it became possible to print the text upon a sheet of paper or vellum. By then, paper made, according to the Chinese technique, out of rags had become of common usage in Europe. The impact of the new technique represented a true revolution, since it made it possible to produce books in large numbers � the new concept of edition � at much lower costs compared with the medieval manuscript. The greater circulation of books was the answer to the increased demand for education of the period, and was the vehicle of Humanism in Europe, together with Renaissance, the protestant Reformation and, along those lines of Enlightenment and of all the vast and articulated ideas which characterize the world we live in. The following centuries saw a growing and better development of the printing methods until mechanical printing machinery was replaced by digital computerized technology. Thus we come to our epoch, beyond the fateful year 1830, which is indicated by the world competent organizations (IFLA = International Federation of Librarian Association) as the discriminating date between antique and modern books.
The Rotarian Fellowship recently founded represents an instrument for knowledge and research into the reality of antique books. Thanks to it, it will be possible to circulate news and information regarding editions, publishers, bindings, illumination, particularly interesting copies from historical, scientific, and economic fields, opening new perspectives of discovery into a territory that has been so far lacking in adequate research and in-depth investigation. Aldo Pirola
The IF-RR is for Rotarians who have an interest in Railroading of any type!
Steam! Diesel! Model RR!
Share ideas, plans, photos!
|The International Fellowship of Railroading Rotarians is made up of Rotarians who have an interest in railroading in any format, type, size or related interests. This may consist of steam, diesel, electric, model railroads, rail fan photography, rail travel, railroad collectibles, private rail cars, trolley cars and what ever related interest there is from the membership.
Trains are a great invention and getting to know how it all started, where it all started and the journey it went through to reach what it is today is simply fascinating. Many members are so keen on this field that this fellowship was received with a lot of excitement and agreement.
Many will not have the access to various stations to tour the trains or have access to get up close and personal with the vintage trains. Instead of showing these trains in the museum, we organize fellowships where these rail road enthusiasts can get closer to the trains and learn more about them.
Many may not have had the time to travel in different trains. This is the problem for people with money and contacts. They have access and can afford but don’t have the time. These fellowships are well organized in advance, so that the participants can plan. Thus giving them the opportunity to travel in different trains – with great company.
One can even find out what happens to the trains once they are old or have too many technical issues to repair. If you have thinning hair, the health of your hair can be restored with the help of Hair MegaSpray, but what can a train do when its parts have become too weak or rusted? What happens when a better engine is invented? These are some of the questions such rail road enthusiasts can give answers for. Such is their interest in and knowledge about trains.
When these members get together, there is a lot of discussions about trains and when their passion is reciprocated, they for great friendships. Also, members are encouraged to continue being a part of this organization and help Rotary grow further.
We will arrange railroading activities and events as the membership desires. This may range from organizing or providing assistance for train travel international and national, to sharing tips and ideas for model railroads. The website and email newsletter are great places to announce railroading events for all to visit and participate. Perhaps one has visited a historical or preserved railway or has one in their community; this is the place to let others know about it.
The email newsletter and website are a place to show off your interests with photos of trains you have seen, layouts you have visited, models built, etc. It is also a discussion opportunity to get answers to questions you have about railroading. They are a place to share your railroading experiences with others who have the same interest. You can also swap and sell train memorabilia, model trains and related items.
This fellowship will continue the traditions of railroading around the world. With Railroading Rotarians communicating and sharing the past, present and further of railroading will be preserved.Don Schiller, PDG
|PDF of RHE History|
|Home Exchange� is the vacation alternative where two families agree to swap homes “you stay in my house while I stay in yours.” The exchange can be as short as a weekend or several months (two to three weeks is usual).
The Rotary club understood that it is one of the best and most economic way in which families can enjoy vacations, visit different parts of the world and get a taste of the actual homes over there. It also is easy on the pockets and enhances inter personal relationships, along with bringing an internal peace and harmony within the individuals.
When talking about peace and harmony within one’s self, it is important to be in sync with nature. Sadly this has now become more and more difficult. In today’s times, there is a tremendous stress on almost everyone. Whether the stress is to meet deadlines at work, or even if it is stress at home due to various reasons. The pressure to perform often makes a person neglect their own health or resort to short cut methods to feel better.
Unfortunately, these short cut methods are only short term relief, as they will take you away from nature which will, in turn, cause only harm.
We all are aware that science and technology has made tremendous progress, so much that it has helped to bring people from all over the world closer virtually. But it has also taken away individuals away from nature.
Products like Frumusete Sanatate firmly believe that the closer you are to your base, which is nature the happier and healthier you will be. However, there are also many commercially available medical cosmetic products that claim to have naturally occurring products but in case if they contain powerful components in their active form, they will cause more harm than good.
Yet another problem of being away from nature is obesity. Obesity is slowly becoming an increasing problem. Not simply because it is not appealing aesthetically but also because obesity brings along it loads of other co-related conditions that include cardio vascular problems, high blood pressure, increased levels of cholesterol, an exacerbation of diabetes mellitus and much more.
The combat with obesity is never easy, but it is possible. As one need not get into major investments or work out to the level of an athlete. Simple natural brisk walking, jogging, running, or swimming will do the trick. The only thing along with that is a balanced diet and obesity could be a thing of the past.
Regular exercise does not just bring along with it weight loss, but also a feel good factor along with it. It helps to flex the muscles which in turn become toned and appear better. It also improves the hormonal system as exercising helps the release of dopamine which is the ‘feel good’ hormone of the body. So it overall not just makes you look good but helps you feel better from within as well.
And most importantly helps you be as close to nature as possible.
It is a known fact that if you are feeling good about yourself, it will show in the form of a glow on your face and shine on your skin. It will also help you be closer to nature and be in perfect sync with it.
The Rotary Home Exchange Fellowship has encouraged this environmentally friendly, comfortable, and economical activity for over 30 years. Thousands of Rotarians have had glorious vacations and experiences from Taipei to Toronto, San Francisco to Sydney, or London to Los Angeles. International understanding has been improved the old fashioned way, one friendship at a time.
|ROTARY, FREEMASONRY AND THE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH|