|The First Women RI Directors|
This is not a historical records; we hope that our members can provide us with historical information
When it comes to money, one looks for various options to make it grow. It may be for be themselves or even to donate and aid projects like the one undertaken by Rotary International. Though one has to be a member of the Rotary club to participate in its project, one need not necessarily be a trader or employ a trader to invest in the stock market. One can invest through the software HBSwiss. Here all the investment decisions are taken and all you will need to do is update as and when you want to increase your investment or move your funds to a different stock.
So, how does one invest in binary options? What are the information needed to successfully trade in these options? The details are given below:
These Binary options require you to decide whether the asset in question will move up or down. Determining if the value will go up or come down, determines the outcome of your investment. These options have an expiry date and the value of these options when they expire is what decides the outcome.
If the trader dealing with the binary option feels the value will go down by the expiry date, he will purchase a put option. On the other hand if the trader expects the value to go up, he will purchase a call option.
On the date of expiry, if the value of the option has moved upwards, all traders who have purchased a call option will get paid in full even if there is a difference in the price quoted by them and the actual price of the option.
On the other hand, if the value of the option has moved downwards, all traders who have purchased a put option will get paid. The traders who have purchased a call option will lose all the money invested.
When a trader loses all the money he invests, it is called out of the money and when he earns the money, it is called in the money. The traders usually buy a few of both options, to spread out the risk and not incur a heavy loss.
The binary options have a zero sum game as what one trader wins is what another loses. Though this is the case for all stocks that are traded on an exchange, they don’t have an expiry date and the NAV changes every day. When a person invests in stocks, it is a longer investment than the binary option.
An investor generally invests in a variety of stocks to spread the risk. If all the stocks are bought within the same industry, if the government passes a rule that has a negative impact on the industry, the investor stands to lose it all. Hence spreading the investments over various industries will enable the investor to hedge the risk.
Gathering this type of information is crucial to keep one safe and prepared, no matter what it is for. Getting to know the history and workings of Rotary can help an aspiring member to know what is really expected off them and decide if they are prepared for it.
The country of Mali borders the Sierra Desert of Africa with Algeria to the North and Mauritania to the West.
It is a poor country and a former colony of France.
The country has a population of over 20 million with limited infrastructure and public facilities, hence, many international Rotary Clubs have been involved in many and varied international service projects over the years.
There are 6 clubs in Mali, the first and oldest of which is the Rotary Club of Bamako which was chartered on 31 May 1961.
All other clubs but one are also based in Bamako.
One of the many international service projects involved the The Oregon State Rotarians and the Downtown Eugene Oregon Rotary Club which served as the lead club for the project.
Steve Savelich was the lead Rotarian from the State of Oregon and represented the Rotarians with the Rotary Club of Bamako Djoliba.
This project related to the the Hospital National du Point G Referral and Teaching Hospital of Mali, located in the capital city of Bamako.
To a young set of parents in Afghanistan, it was a life-saving immunization for their five-month-old son. To a woman with seven children in Malaysia, it was a loan to start a sewing business that enabled her to feed her children. To North Koreans, it was an ambulance that equipped a hospital to be able to take care of them. To thousands of college students in almost every country on earth, it was the chance to study abroad, with all expenses paid, and learn their educational specialty up close and personal.
Money is a much needed commodity for a number of reasons for different people. When people need money, they are willing to work hard for it but they just don’t know where to start or what to do. Not many will have the educational qualification to get into a business or the stock market. Many times, they are not given the chance to prove their worth. They don’t get a venue to showcase their talent and ability which could very well help them earn more than enough, with some dignity. As a result many lead a poor lifestyle or resort to other activities to earn the much needed money. They either beg or steal or sometimes just give up on life.
Rotary finds such causes and helps the people in need. It makes a change tot the lives of the people in different ways. Charity is not done the same way in Rotary, projects are undertaken and a new beginning is given to the people. If there is a talented mind that can deal with stocks and play the stockmarket game well, Rotary will try and get him a chance to work in the stock market, so that his talent is not wasted. Even if we have automated softwares like HBSwiss, traders are still in need and to be one, one needs to be well qualified.
There are no limits to Rotary’s reach. This is one organization, ready to help people they need it the most. Just collecting funds and giving it to those who need it may not be the best option at all times. Many will need that money to be put to some use. People need to be empowered.
Ask anyone who has been touched by The Rotary Foundation what it is and every answer will be different. Ask anyone who has been touched by The Rotary Foundation just how important it is, and every answer will be identical.
The Rotary Foundation was born as an endowment fund in 1917, the brainchild of RI President Arch C. Klumph. It was reborn 12 years later in the form we know today, The Rotary Foundation of Rotary international. However, it wouldn’t be until after the passing of Paul P. Harris in 1947 that TRF would reach the financial health and world importance that it enjoys today.
Technically speaking, it is a not-for-profit corporation that supports the efforts of Rotary International to achieve world understanding and peace through international humanitarian, educational, and cultural exchange programs. It is supported solely by voluntary contributions from Rotarians and friends of the Foundation who share its vision of a better world.
| Its expenses are born solely by the interest earned on its contributions over a three year period.
As an endowment fund for Rotary “to do good in the world,” its initial contribution was US $26.50 in 1918. When it became The Rotary Foundation in 1928, it had a value of US $5,739.07. In the most recent year that we have complete figures, the Foundation had more than US $73 million contributed in 2000-01. But, that’s not what The Rotary Foundation is all about. Its event-filled 85 years has been a story of Rotarians learning the value of service to humanity, and the citizens of the earth benefiting from that service.
The Humanitarian Programs of the foundation help fuel international Rotary projects to improve the quality of life, providing health care, clean water, food, education, and other essential needs primarily in the developing world.
A major Humanitarian Program is PolioPlus, which seeks to eradicate the polio virus worldwide by Rotary’s 100th birthday in 2005. Through its Educational Programs, the Foundation provides funding for some 1,200 students to study abroad each year. Grants are also awarded to university teachers to teach in developing countries and for exchanges of business and professional people. Even its former participants in the Foundation’s programs can continue their affiliation with Rotary as Foundation Alumni.
Welcome to the History of The Rotary Foundation.
History Fellows Chair
Rotary Global History (2002-2004)
Coordinator: PDG Helen B. Reisler
Webmaster: DGN Don Murphy
Sr. VP Features: Calum Thomson, CPF, PHF, Major Donor, Benefactor. Transport Management, RC of Longniddry & District, RI D1020 Zone 17.
District 1020 District Rotary Foundation Committee Chair 2007-10, District Grants Sub-committee Chair 2004-07, Member, RIBI Foundation Committee 2009-10, Zone 17 Co-ordinator RI Health and Hunger Resource Group 2009-10, Researcher/writer and History Fellow for Rotary Global History since the winter of 2001 Cal is also the coordinator for the conventions and convention host clubs sections. He is also contributing editor for ”Our Foundation Newsletter” and a former contributing Editor of “What Paul Harris Said” 2006-08.
He was awarded the “Ches Perry” Fellowship by the Rotary Club of Chicago.
Calum Thomson Has both LLB and MA degrees and is a member of the Institute of Transport and Logistics (MILT) – and an Associate Member of the Institute of Transport Administration (AMInstTA).
Will it be in 2018? 2025? 2044?
Certainly not If…, but When! All of Rotary is waiting to welcome you.
The members of the Rotary club from all over the world have a single goal in mind and that is to bring about happiness and joy everywhere they go. To achieve their goal, they conduct various activities and events that help to make the lives of others easier, better and filled with happiness.
Another way to feel happy and healthy is by getting back into shape. It is now an established fact that a poor lifestyle that includes almost no nutritional care, sedentary lifestyles, lack of sleep and the addition of stress has caused various health hazards to rise. One such hazard which is rising at an alarming rate is obesity.
Obesity affects not just the looks of a person but also causes their self-esteem to get hit. Apart from that, it also invites other health conditions that include cardiovascular diseases like high cholesterol, high blood pressure, and other conditions like diabetes mellitus and even affects the locomotor system by causing conditions like arthritis.
An easy way to lose all the extra weight and get a slim and attractive figure is Eco Slim. We all know that losing weight by crash diets or starving is temporary. And it will also weaken the immune system making you susceptible to infections. Nor is it actually possible to work out continuously at the gym without a break. And so Eco Slim is the easiest way to burn all the extra fat from the body.
When you add the Eco Slim drops regime to whatever else you are doing to lose weight, the results are faster and better. It is made of some naturally occurring components that supply the body the much required nutrients that help cause weight loss. It is sure to cause a positive effect on the body and the results will be there for the world to see.
Eco Slim is not just highly effective but also has some pleasant taste and smell that will make consuming it a cake walk. It is made up of some naturally occurring nutrients that include Vitamin B complex that is available in natural herbal extracts. These help in improving the metabolic rate of the body and regulating it to lose weight faster.
It also contains Taurine that helps in the regulation of the body. It also helps in reducing the levels of cholesterol and improving the digestive system. Other actions done by Eco Slim is the breaking down of the fat cells that have accumulated in the body. It also prevents its recurrence. Thanks to the caffeine and Succinic acid in the composition. It also flushes the system of any toxins that have accumulated as well as giving the body that boosts in energy and revitalizing cells.
Another reason why Eco Slim is one of the best options for weight loss is that it is easy to consume. It is available in drops form and is quite easy to use. All one has to do is add a few drops of this magical potion to a glass of water and consume it about 30 minutes before having breakfast. The product will naturally make you feel full for longer and prevent binge eating.
Placing an order for Eco Slim is also easy on its official website, There are also some attractive discount offers that one can take advantage of.
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“Who, What, When, Where, Why, and How” of Rotary since 11 October 2000 http://www.rotaryglobalhistoryfellowship.org/index.php?lang=en
“I don’t mind my inbox being flooded by e-mails from RGHF. They are so informative and it makes me appreciate more the wonderful world of Rotary.” Anonymous
|Rotary Headquarters from 1910 to 1935 by Ches PerryThe 1987 Move to One Rotary Center, Evanston.
Evanston is in RI District 6440
|<style=”font-size: 9pt”=””> </style=”font-size:>Rotary International
One Rotary Center
1560 Sherman Avenue
Evanston, IL 60201
(click on the map to enlarge)
|The history of RI buildings – also see RGHF’s tenth anniversary tour of RI headquarters www.rghf101010.org|
|<style=”font-size: 9pt”=””>Welcome</style=”font-size:>||<style=”font-size: 9pt”=””>One Rotary Center</style=”font-size:>||<style=”font-size: 9pt”=””>RI Headquarters</style=”font-size:>|
|<style=”font-size: 9pt”=””> </style=”font-size:>*||<style=”font-size: 9pt”=””> </style=”font-size:>*||<style=”font-size: 9pt”=””> </style=”font-size:>*|
|<style=”font-size: 9pt”=””>Polio Plus Statue</style=”font-size:> (The story)||<style=”font-size: 9pt”=””>18th Floor</style=”font-size:>||<style=”font-size: 9pt”=””>President’s Office</style=”font-size:>|
|<style=”font-size: 9pt”=””> </style=”font-size:> *||<style=”font-size: 9pt”=””> </style=”font-size:>*||<style=”font-size: 9pt”=””> </style=”font-size:>*|
|<style=”font-size: 9pt”=””>View from the President’s Office</style=”font-size:>||<style=”font-size: 9pt”=””>President’s Office View</style=”font-size:>||<style=”font-size: 9pt”=””>Board of Directors</style=”font-size:>|
|<style=”font-size: 9pt”=””> </style=”font-size:>*||<style=”font-size: 9pt”=””> </style=”font-size:>*||<style=”font-size: 9pt”=””> </style=”font-size:>*|
|<style=”font-size: 9pt”=””>Room 711</style=”font-size:>||<style=”font-size: 9pt”=””>1933 Headquarters</style=”font-size:>|
|Boardroom in 1933||Staff & “Visitor”||35 East Wacker, 1950 postcard</style=”font-size:>|
|<style=”font-size: 9pt”=””>||<style=”font-size: 9pt”=””>|
|Building and Interior 1950||Room 711||Paul Harris’ Office|
|Also, see a 1930 era tour booklet used by general secretary Ches Perry||Staff in 2011|
Tours can begin any business day between 9:00 – 11:30 and 1:30 – 3:30. And our full-service cafeteria serves breakfast 7:00-9:30 and lunch from 11:30 -1:30. All visitors welcome.
|“As part of an R.I. project to incorporate into a new headquarters in Evanston, Illinois, pieces of stone from every country with a Rotary Club, Port Louis RC , Mauritius, had a block of blue basalt prepared, which was shipped in August 1966. These stones were native stones from the country of origin and were to have the name of the first Rotary Club from that country and the year of its founding. The country stones apparently did exist in the Ridge Avenue building and were incorporated into a wall. They were not incorporated into the current Headquarters building when R.I. moved in the 1980s. There are two stones in the archives as examples – they are 12″ x 12” square – and one metal square that says: ‘Each of these native stones was contributed by the first Rotary Club in the country the stone represents. The plaque identifies the country, the first Rotary Club there and the year in which it was formed.’
Thanks to R.I .Archivist, Stephanie Giordano for the above. Basil Lewis, 4 April 2011, posted by Jack M. B. Selway<style=”font-size: 9pt”=””> *</style=”font-size:>Cal Thomson Photos
As the members of the Rotary Club from all over the world work hard to create a sense of happiness and friendship among people across all countries, one must work that hard on themselves as well. It has been noted that with hectic lifestyles come along poor dietary habits, lack of sleep and practically no time to look after oneself.
This gives rise to consumption of food and drinks that cause more harm than good. Foods and drinks that contain high amounts of sugar, or mono sodium glutamate, might taste well but cause the entry of toxins into the body. These toxins, in turn, affect the organs of the body that deviate from their normal functioning. This gives rise to a highly toxic body that requires detoxification.
However, for detoxification, visiting a doctor causes apprehension because not only are the procedures long and scary but are expensive as well. Instead of that, an excellent option is Detoxic.
It is a natural product that has been derived from natural herbal extracts of as many as 20 components. It is a simple way in which your body can be cleansed from within and all the toxins flushed out.
It benefits the body by improving the immune system that helps to give a clearer brighter skin. It also aids the gastrointestinal functioning and causes relief from deteriorated digestion. It detoxifies the skin, intestines, lymph nodes, liver and other organs revitalizing the body completely.
Placing an order for Detoxic is also very easy. The product is available and can be delivered with ease when the order is placed on its official website. There are also many promotional offers that are available on the website for you to take advantage of.
|Trustees of The Rotary Foundation of Rotary International|
|Trustee Carolyn E. Jones, PDG District 5010, Alaska, USA (RGHF member)
Anchorage, Alaska, USA 1 July 2005 (Term expires 30 June 2009)
|In May 2010, Anne Matthews, PDG District 7770, South Carolina, USA, was nominated by RIPE Ray Klinginsmith and elected by the RI Board to serve as a member of The Rotary Foundation Board of Trustees. In September 2010, Anne was elected by the Zone 33 Nominations Committee to serve as Rotary International Director for Zones 33 and 34, effective July 1, 2012.
As an organization, Rotary International has always been in the forefront when it comes to dealing with issues regarding women. There has been a special focus on providing healthcare facilities for women and children.
It was observed that millions of children die each year due to reasons that can be easily prevented. Some of the reasons are malnutrition, poor sanitation and lack of basic healthcare facilities. Rotary is working towards making healthcare accessible for women and children so that they can have a much healthier future.
Apart from initiatives like immunization drives, Rotary believes in education and information to prevent diseases. The women trustees of Rotary have been especially active in all its various projects and continue to contribute significantly. Though women were included as members only in 1987, their contribution ever since has been immense.
In this largely male dominated world women have had to face a lot of struggles to find a place of their own. Things are slowly changing and the scenario is much better today in comparison to a few years ago.Women are excelling in every single field that they have chosen. They are also influencers who are making a huge difference in changing the social scenario.
Women were considered and even called ‘the weaker sex’. They used to play a small role in the family organization. Their voices and opinions were largely unheard.
Today society recognizes the immense potential and capabilities of a woman. Equal opportunities are now being given to women in order to fulfill their aspirations and ambitions. Women are also being encouraged to take up a career as per their wishes so that this influences the future generations too.
Another field where women are showing active participation is in social organizations. Their interest is also gradually increasing in activities related to travel, leisure, culture, etc.
Women have a natural tendency to take on the role of a caretaker. When this happens, their own health is bound to suffer. Everything else becomes more important and taking care of one’sown health is always ignored. There may be enough of signs that one must consider but most women have a tendency to ignore most of them.
Many women may also feel guilty if they would put their needs over someone else’s. Women would not be assertive to voice their opinions and this may lead to stress and resentment. While ignoring signals about one’s health may seem like the easy choice, this may have far reaching consequences in the long run.
There is a range of products today, which can help women solve some of the most commonissues that they face. One such problem is obesity. It can have a huge negative impact on the body image of a person resulting in low confidence and self-esteem. It is also one of the biggest reasons for diabetes, heart disease, cardiovascular issues, etc.
A great resource that can help you learn about some of the best natural products for health and beauty is Sztuczki Zdrowia. They have some great choices, which are completely natural and safe to use.
Using natural products is also advantageous from the health perspective. As they do not have any chemicals, it would ensure no side effects. Living in harmony with nature witha healthy body, mind, and spirit need not be a dream anymore.
Prepared by the district and not verified by Rotary Global History
|History of RI District 3400
Although the history of Rotary in Indonesia began in 1927, Rotary activities were stopped twice. The first was when the second world war began in 1942 and the second on 23rd February 1961 when Rotary was prohibited by the Indonesian government under President Soekarno. Appended below is the chronology of when Rotary started in Indonesia leading up to Rotary D3400 today.The First Rotary Period – April 1930 to 1946
The first Rotary movement in Indonesia was established with the formation of the first Rotary club in Indonesia, the Rotary Club Yogyakarta. Five other clubs were chartered before the six clubs were grouped into a provisional district and was known as District C-Rotary International in April 1930.
Six more clubs were chartered in the next four years. It was that Rotary International, headquartered in Chicago USA granted the provisional District C to the official district status by recognizing it as Rotary International District 79, Indonesia on the 1st July 1934. The growth of clubs in Indonesia had increased to eighteen, two year later before Rotary International District 79 was changed to Rotary International District 45 on the 1st July 1936. When the second world war broke out, Indonesia had twenty six clubs with 819 members but Rotary in Indonesia was inactive from 1942 till 1946.The Second Rotary Period – 1946 to 1961
After the war, some of the Rotarians from Indonesia who survived the war revived Rotary International District 45 and started Rotary again from scratch.
The first Rotary club chartered in the second period was Rotary Club Bandung in 1946 with 42 members. Rotary clubs in Indonesia grew to thirteen clubs before the district was changed to Rotary International District 389 on 1st July 1957.
Four more clubs were added before Rotary growth in Indonesia was interrupted again on 23rd February 1961 when the government under President Soekarno banned Rotary activities throughout Indonesia. Up to that time, the Rotary International District 389 had seventeen Rotary clubs with five hundred and fifty three members.
The Third Rotary Period – 1966 to 1991 until today
Charity has come a long way. From donating unwanted things to mere pennies, today people get involved and do projects for the betterment of the needy people. People don’t just stop with collecting money for the people who lost their houses in a natural calamity; they build it for them and hand over completed houses. This is because Rotary understands that sometimes just handing over the money may not work. People may use it for other reasons or spend it foolishly, thus rendering the project useless.
If money were collected for new houses and given to a section of people, not all will use it for that purpose. Many will use it for other purposes or spend it foolishly and continue to live where they are. As a result, the lifestyle improvement does not happen as planned.
Similarly, the investment scenario has also changed. It has evolved from a mere group of investors getting together to invest their money into something and earning out of it, to a trade that is carried over, all over the world. Companies have share holders all over the world.
When investors are not too keen on going to a trader or a trading company to get some help with their investments, they can opt for trading software like HBSwiss and let the computer do everything for you. You need not worry about any calculations or analysis as they are all made by the software and money is invested accordingly.
As time and technology evolves, lifestyle and people change and adapt themselves to the changing times.
ROTARY IN THE BALTIC STATES – WHAT HAPPENED TO ROTARY AND ROTARIANS IN 1940 and 1941 in Estonia and the Baltic States
Rotary had entered Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania from 1930 onwards and was gaining foothold when the Second World War broke out in 1939.
This World War changed the lives of just too many people and many had to start all over again. They were not only homeless but had no idea what to do with their lives. Those days, there were no stock exchanges or automated software like HBSwiss, to help one invest wisely. One only had land and houses to invest in. with the war, it was all gone.
This short article is going to try to cast some light on the faith of Rotary in Estonia and also a flick of light on Latvia and Lithuania.
In 1939 the Soviet Union wanted to secure naval garrisons in Estonia and opened talks with the Estonian Government under the leadership of President Konstantin Paets (member of the Rotary Club of Tallinn and General John Laidoner (charter president of Rotary Club of Tallinn 1930).
The result was that Estonia was occupied in the autumn of 1939 and early 1940 and made a member of the Family of Soviet States in August 1940. ( Soviet propaganda text).
Naturally the Soviet regime was organized so that the local government was in the hands of local people but with strong ties to Moscow. President Paets was taken to Russia never to return to his native country, but to die in a mental institution in southern Estonia 1956.
The soviets did not look favourably at Rotary or Rotarians but they had their hands full so, that they actually did not start active persecution of Rotarians until shortly before they had to retreat in 1941 when Germany opened the Operation Barbarossa on June 22 1941 and stormed as far as the gates of Leningrad (St. Petersburg or Petrograd as it was called then) and Moscow.
The city of Peter the Great was laid under siege for 890 days and suffered terribly. It was not until January 1944 that the city was retaken by Soviet troops and the siege was lifted.
Germany occupied all the Baltic States and started a systematic campaign to remove from office any person who had been or was a member of Rotary Clubs or a Free Mason Lodge.
The operation was a result of the directive of the Ministry of the Interior (Ministerium des Inneren) of 1937 to order all Rotarians in Germany to either relinquish membership in Rotary, or their office in German state or local government or the courts..
This regulation actually resulted in the sad situation that all Rotary Clubs in Germany returned their Charters to RI on October 1937. Rotary could start again in West – Germany in 1948.
The Reichskommisar for das Ostland ( Governor of Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania) received a letter from the Ministry of the Interior in September 1942 with a directive to start an inquiry into how many (not German nationals or of German decent) , officials had a history of membership in Rotary or a Mason Lodge and to subsequently make sure that they left office.
Dos. II 1a 451 (439)
The follow-up was quick and is dated Oct. 5 1942.
The ministry orders the immediate departure from the clubs or lodges and also requires that no contact should be kept to former club members.
On October 29 1942 the Commander of the Security Police in Riga (Befelhaber der Sicherheitzpolizei und SD, Riga) reminds all Chiefs of the security police in Reval(Tallinn), Riga, Kauen (Kaunas), Minsk) that the matter needs immediate attention and requests a report as soon as possible.
Dos. II 1a 414 Geheim
On November 17, 1942 the Reichsicherheitshauptamt, Berlin ( Bureau for State Security) requests that all Rotary Clubs and other organization should be allowed to terminate their activities voluntarily and that all material such as minutes from meetings, membership rosters etc should be secured.
That letter contains a full list of Rotary Club presidents and secretaries and their addresses.
Note: President Harald Tammer, Tallinn, was taken prisoner by the Russians and deported to Siberia (1941) Secretary Silvers in Taru, and his family was taken prisoner by the Russians and deported to Siberia
The son of Architect Vytutas Landsbergis – Zemkalnis also Vytuas Landsbergis b. 1932 became President of Lithuania in 1990 and was in the vanguard of the Lithuanian freedom fight from the Soviet Union in the frightening period in 1990 and 1991.
Professor Puusepp was a leading specialist on brain surgery at the University of Taru (founded 1632) but had died a few months before the report was written.
Dos.IV B 3 – 500/42
On February 1 1943 the German Security Police in Estonia reports as follows:
Free translation: Secret
“The Rotary Club of Noemme- Tallinn was abolished by the “Bolschevists” Russians in the summer of 1940. The former club secretary Mr Johannes Toomes b. 19.08.1890 had gives the archives of the club to Notary Rudolf Tikmann b. 25.03.1890 (see above) who in turn had, for fear of the Bolscheviks, burned all the material “.
Signed Hinze, SS-Oberstumbandfürer
A further report dated 17 February 1943, tells us that:
The Rotary Club of Tallinn, admitted to Rotary International on 2 August 1930 had some 70 members in 1941 when the Russians took the President of the club, Harald Tammer, prisoner and transported him to camps in Siberia, never to return. President Tammer was a lawyer by profession.
The report goes on to tell that the membership fee was 20 Estonian Krooni, of which half went to RI in the US.
The Rotary Club of Tallinn had contacts with clubs in Finland, Lithuania, Latvia and Germany.
After the Soviet occupation in 1940 the club actually decided to terminate. The archives of the club where partly burned by the secretary Kristelstein and partly it was disposed of by the Restaurant Kuld Lövi (Golden Lion), Tallinn. So, nothing fell into the hands of the Soviets or the Nazis.
Dos IVB 2 ha/Ro 334/43 GEHEIM
Bergmann SS- Obersturmbannfürer
The archives of the Rotary Club of Tartu, fell into the hands of the Soviet occupants.
After 1941 the Rotary Clubs in Tallinn did, according to an interview , with Bruno Wingisaar, (veterinary medicine), not have any open activity but the members of the clubs in Tallinn used to take long walks together, for fear of the secret police and Gestapo.
Rotarian Wingisaar managed to flee to Finland in 1943 and was a member of the Rotary Club of Mikkeli and Helsinki North-West for many years to come.
The reference material has been found in Riga ,Latvia in connection with research for an other history project and I take this opportunity to thank Rotarian, Past Club President of the Rotary Club of Tallinn, Andres Sauter for sharing a part of his findings to help me write this short article.
Kari Tallberg PDG D-1420