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ROTARY DIABETES ACTION GROUP
In recent years, World Diabetes Day has focused particularly on raising awareness of the complications of diabetes affecting the heart, eyes, kidneys, and feet. In 2007, the United Nations marked the Day for the first time with the passage of the United Nations World Diabetes Day Resolution in December 2006, which made the existing World Diabetes Day an official United Nations World Health Day.
Exciting news this week. Rotary International formally approved a new Rotary Action Group for diabetes.
This is a highly significant step that recognizes the increasing involvement of Rotarians in diabetes projects worldwide and the need for civil society to engineer a suitable response to the growing pandemic.
The many diabetes projects that Rotarians are involved in include IDF�s own Life for a Child Program and foot-care projects soon to be established in the Caribbean.
Rotarian Action Groups conduct international service projects that further the goals of the organization.
It was a Rotary Action Group that led the tremendous work that Rotary have undertaken to tackle polio worldwide.
The ‘Unite for Diabetes’ campaign, led by the International Diabetes Federation, resulted in United Nations Resolution 61/225 World Diabetes Day. This landmark resolution also recognized diabetes as “a chronic, debilitating and costly disease associated with major complications that pose severe risks for families, countries and the entire world.”
Diabetes is a major concern today. It is a growing problem with no solution and is affective millions of lives just like cancer or any other disease without a cure did. Though it is not as vengeful as cancer, it affects the lives nevertheless. Be it a small child or an old lady, it affects them.
These are new born babies diagnosed with diabetes and these children will never see the light of the day for their health issue. They can never lead a normal life and as time goes by, they will only face more complications. Diabetes is not considered a disease by many doctors and is claimed to be a genetic problem. However, it claims the lives of many people just like any disease would.
Rotary International recognized this growing problem and realized something has to be done to help people. There are many people who are dying or suffering more than they should, due to unawareness or lack of medicines. Rotary group brings doctors to conduct tests on the under privileged and diagnose. Those with a severe problem are referred to other doctors and recommended treatments while those who have type 2 diabetes (the type that occurs in older people) are given access to medicines that can help them live a better life.
Type 1 diabetes is the scarier type which has no cure and can affect the life of a child and can potentially ruin their future and dreams. The medication for this type is expensive and it has to be given through their lives, which is a great expense to be borne even by a middle income group. Hence this organization comes together to provide monetary and diagnostic needs to help the poor.
People who are actively contributing to this cause need not necessarily forego comforts in their lives. They can invest a part of their income in the stock market or in binary options through Millionaire Blueprint, an automated trading platform, and donate the money they make in such investments. They don’t need to know about binary trading or worry about making the right decisions, the system will do it for them. This software has all the details required ot make investment decisions and the robots move the funds based on the trade signals they receive. There is no room for human error or instinctive decisions that go wrong.
This will not only help them contribute a sizeable amount on a regular basis, but will also encourage them to save more and help more, which is what the world needs today.Though the population is increasing by the minute, the number of people willing to help the needy are still very little.
Diabetes among the poor is not the only disease that requires the attention of the world. Diabetes everywhere requires awareness and necessary action to be taken. People should be made aware of such a condition and should be educated about how to handle a person affected with diabetes.
A diabetic person’s diet needs are different, they cannot afford to get injured severely, which is very difficult to control in children and young adults, they cannot ignore an health ailment. Regular camps and checkups can help people become more aware of this condition
|District History Groups: 1000-2999 3000-4999 5000-6999 7000-8999 9000-9999Our district history section is divided into groups, as we continue to seek the history of every district which could include every club in the world. NOTICE: Some of these districts contain incomplete information and we urge our visiting Rotarians to provide more complete details at www.historycomment.org
Rotary international has come a long way since the day of its inception. What was started in a small room with a handful of people has grown into 5000 districts today, spread all over the world. People all over the world, are ready to spend their money on noteworthy causes and not just donate. People are conscious about where they spend and fund various “projects”.
When a project is undertaken, it is not just charity. The money is not simply handed over to the needy. A project has a scope and a vision and the end result is achieved with the funds collected. A better lifestyle is provided with these funds. This is how these clubs make a difference to the lives of the needy.
If one wants to help such causes but is not too keen on sparing their savings, they can invest their money in stocks and the returns earned thereon can be used to help such causes. This way, not only will you save on a regular basis but will also ensure you earn more by making wise investment choices. The biggest benefit here is the charity done without spending a penny from you regular income. You earn, save and donate.
If you are worried about investing in stocks because you are not familiar with the stock market, you can always employ a trader or even invest yourself with the help of the trading software HBSwiss. All your investment decisions are made for you after carefully analyzing the markets and the stocks. There is no need for you to learn much about the market at all.
Genealogy of the World’s Districts
|DIST.||ZONE||POSTED||GEOGRAPHIC REGION||RGHF (contact)|
|5000||26||07/30/2006||USA (Hawai)||John A. Steelquist, USA|
|5010||24||12/24/2005||CANADA (Yukon) + ALASKA, E. RUSSIA|
|5020||25||10/31/2005||USA & CANADA (Washington + Vancouver Is)|
|5040||24||01/11/2006||CANADA (Br Columbia)|
|5050||24||01/11/2006||CANADA (BrColumbia) + Washington|
|5060||24||01/11/2006||CANADA (BrColumbia) +Washington|
|5080||25||10/31/2005||USA/CANADA (Br Columbia, Idaho, Washington)|
|5130||25||04/25/2008||USA (California)||Wulff Reinhold, USA|
|5170||26||08/17/2009||USA (California)||Linda Hamilton, USA|
|5320||26||07/30/09||USA (California)||Dennis Salts, USA (Partial)|
|5330||26||Pending||USA (California)||Carl P. Cardey, USA|
|5340||26||Pending||USA (California)||PDG Randy Mitchell, USA|
|5360||24||01/10/2006||CANADA (Alberta, Saskatchewan)|
|5370||24||01/10/2006||CANADA (Alberta, Br Columbia, NW Territories,Saskatchewan,)|
|5440||27||11/28/2008||USA (4 States) (New)|
|5450||26||07/25/2008||USA (Colorado)||PDG Norris W. Hermsmeyer, USA|
|5470||27||06/01/2007||USA (New Mexico,Colorado)|
|5520||27||02/2/2007||USA (New Mexico,Texas)|
|5550||24||12/24/2005||CANADA (Manitoba, Ontario)|
|5580||28||01/10/2006||CANADA (Ontario) +Nth Dakota, Minnesota|
|5770||27||08/11/2008||USA (Oklahoma)||PDG Mary A. Sherman, USA|
|5810||21||03/20/2003||USA (Texas) (The first district history posted by RGHF)|
|5830||31||10/29/2005||USA (Arkansas, Oklahoma, Texas)|
|5960||28||04/04/2006||USA (Minnesota, Wisconsin)|
|6060||31||03/13/2010||USA (Missouri)||Martha Henderson, USA|
|6220||28||11/28/2008||USA (Wisconsin Michigan)||Pryse Duerfeldt|
|6650||29||02/26/2008||USA (Ohio)||PDG David Ewing|
|6840||31||03/13/2010|| USA (west of the Mississippi at New Orleans to Mississippi/Alabama state
|6890||34||05/07/2013||USA (West Central Florida)|
|6900||34||pending||USA||PDG, William M. Mulkey, USA|
|6930||34||04/07/2006||USA (Florida)||Florence Hui, Macau (Also all of Asia)|
|6990||34||4/8/2007||USA (Florida)+Bahamas||Todd Dayton, USA|
|FIRST FELLOWSHIP||ALL FELLOWSHIPS||COMMITTEE||WHAT’S NEW?||SEARCH||UPDATES|
Introduction and Background:
Rotarians for Mine Action was formed spontaneously at the Rotary International conference in Barcelona in June 2002 by Rotarians from Canada (D7070 Night of 1000 Dinners); Spain, Andorra, France, and Portugal (La maldade evitable – Avoidable wickedness); Switzerland (Mine Ex); the United States of America (District 5030 and Zones 23 & 24). The Founding Chairman was Scott Fairweather from the Rotary Club of Toronto-Forest Hill in District 7070.
Approximately 200 Rotarians from 27 countries attended a conference hosted by District 5030 and sponsored by Rotary International, Zones 23 & 24 in Seattle, Washington, September 30- October 1, 2002. This conference, developed under the leadership of Rosemary Barker Aragon, then 5030 District Governor, resulted in the adoption of the Seattle Resolution.
At the Brisbane International Convention, the Rotarians for Mine Action held a general meeting at got the approval of those assembled to form a Rotary Fellowship.
When there is a situation at hand, the necessary action needs to be taken at the right time as time is of essence in such cases. Rotary believes in acting immediately and ensuring no time is wasted. Be it for projects under its wings or for fellowships where friendships are fostered. It is these friendships that make Rotary what is it.
These are not friendships formed just to have fun or just to pool in money and contribute towards various projects. it is a combination of both and this is why these relationships are cemented and carry on for life. When people with similar ideas and intentions get together, not only will those ideas be made a reality, more such ideas will come up and as a result a lot more ideas will be made a reality.
It is the taking action part that makes all the difference here. One can have an idea and keep thinking about it. But only when the necessary action is taken, will that idea become a reality. It is because Sam Maxwell decided to take action and make his idea a reality, investors have Fincrowd App today. Else they will have to go to a trader and deal with people and be forced to learn about binary options before investing their money in it.
His idea was made a reality and many people have benefited out of it just as he visualized. With his trading experience and knowledge, he created an App that will enable everyone to trade in and earn out of the stock market.
books of the Rotarians, so that their business grows. They try to promote their company among the Rotarians. Though this is not wrong from a business point of view, it deters the entire project idea and what Rotary stands for.
Many people get misguided and are not aware of what Rotary does exactly. It is not the members but the general public. They go around telling their version of Rotary which can sometimes affect the growth of this organization. We want to make a difference to the people and ensure the world knows what we do exactly.
The Rotarians For Mine Action was approved by Rotary International in October 2003 as a Fellowship. In 2005 the Rotary International Board of Directors decided to create a new category of organizations called Rotarian Action Groups (RAGs). The RFMA Annual Meeting in June 2005 approved a motion to become a Rotarian Action Group.
In July 2005, the RFMA applied to R.I. to switch to become a Rotary Action Group and is one of the inaugural group of RAGS.
The purposes of the RFMA include:
Increasing Rotarians and Rotaractors awareness and knowledge of landmine related issues�
Encouraging Rotarians, Rotaractors and their clubs to become involved and/or share in projects to:
The RFMA encourages Districts to form District Chapters to encourage and assist District Rotary and Rotaract clubs and members become involvement in Landmine Action projects of their choosing.
Prepared by the district and not verified by Rotary Global History
|2013/14 RI Theme: Engage Rotary, Change Lives|
|RIP 13/14 Ron Burton unveiled the RI theme during the opening plenary session of the 2013 International Assembly in San Diego, California, USA, the annual training event for incoming district governors. (RIP 13/14 Ron Burton’s speech, short version. The full 21 minute presentation is below)
|President-elect Ron D. Burton’s entire theme speech to 2013-14 District Governors-elect at the Rotary International Assembly. 21 minutes|
| �If we really want to take Rotary service forward, then we must make sure that every single Rotarian has the same feeling about Rotary that each one of us here has today,� Burton said. �We need to make sure that every Rotarian has a meaningful role to play, that they�re all making a contribution, and that their contribution is valued.�
When it is a group of people, different views will be presented and each will have their own opinion. When they are all part of a single organization, they should have the same feeling towards it, so as to ensure there are no major conflicts that can deter the purpose of the club itself. When it comes to health, one can detoxify with the help of Detoxic, but a toxic relationship in a group is not advisable.
Burton said the July launch of The Rotary Foundation�s new grant model, Future Vision, makes it an exciting time to be a Rotarian. He said the new grant model, which has been used by about 100 pilot districts since 2010, represents a new era for the Foundation, and will help Rotarians get excited about Rotary�s ability to change lives.
�It takes everything that is wonderful about Rotary and raises it to a new level � by encouraging bigger, more sustainable projects while providing increased flexibility for local projects, both of which address the needs of the community being served,� he said.
Burton asked the incoming district governors to take the lead in helping their clubs through the transition, with the assistance of their district Rotary Foundation chairs, who also attended the assembly this year. The training sessions are focusing heavily on equipping these leaders to go back to their districts as experts on the new grant model.
Before the assembly, Burton asked each of the incoming governors to make a donation in their name to The Rotary Foundation in order to demonstrate leadership by example. At the assembly, he announced that all 537 governors-elect had complied; along with donations from all RI Board members and Foundation Trustees, the contributions totaled US$675,412.
|�Now, I have to believe that some of this is money that The Rotary Foundation probably would not have received had I not asked. And I think that this is an important lesson� he said. �If you want somebody else to do something, you can just sit around and wait for them to get the idea, or you can ask.�Burton applied that lesson also to membership development, which he insisted is the responsibility of every Rotarian. He told the audience that although he had been an active member of the Key Club, a youth program of Kiwanis International, he went on to join Rotary simply because the Rotary Club of Norman, Oklahoma, invited him to.
�You have to ask,� he said.
But Burton emphasized that the job doesn�t end when a new member joins: �It�s not done until that new member is engaged in Rotary, inspired by Rotary, and uses the power of Rotary service to change lives.�
Source: Rotary International
|RI President-elect Ron Burton announced the 2013-14 RI theme, Engage Rotary, Change Lives, during the International Assembly in San Diego, California, USA.|
|The Chartering of the United Nations and Rotary’s Continuing Relationship – from San Francisco to New York City|
|The charter took place at the newly constructed War Memorial complex in San Francisco||General Dwight Eisenhower was later “reported” to have said that Rotary was the greatest power for peace next to the UN||The story of Rotary and the United Nations||famous British actress, keynote speaker at the 1949 RI convention, spent the post war years working for UNESCO|
|How did Rotary International come to be invited to assist in San Francisco and to continue the relationship with the UN?||Carlos P. Romulo – Rotary Club of Manila. Philippine Brigadier General in WWII, Ambassador of the Philippines to the US, Permanent Representative to the UN, President of the 4th session of the United Nations 1949 and Past Director of Rotary International.||2002 United Nations Day in New York City||A new proposed fellowship of Rotarians devoted to the UN and Rotary|
The answer is in “My Road to Rotary” by Paul Harris.
Hear the Speech by Romulo. RealPlayer file.
|United Nations Day in New York City 2003||UN Day 2004||UN Day 2006||UN Youth Program 2009|
|Rotary club boasts of a great history. It has evolved over the years and has become one of the greatest organizations to help the needy. It goes beyond just reaching out to those who need help to stabilize their lives and have a steady income for a better lifestyle.
When you browse through the pages here, you can see how carefully the details have been preserved and passed on for the other member and the future generation to see. This will help people understand how this organization truly came into being and how it has evolved over the years.
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Trading used to be a niche industry where only the elite invested and only the highly educated could become traders. There are in fact a number of tests one must clear, before they can become a professional trader and invest other people’s money.
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|Resolution 23-34 and its Adoption|
Rotary in Cuba
The Spanish American War
The revolution started by Jos� Mart� in 1895 led in 1898 to the Spanish American War of 100 days � and Cuban independence in 1902. This war, in spite of its tremendous implications for the United States, Spain, Cuba, and other places, never received much attention. After the American Civil War (1861-1865), a conflict of truly epic proportions, with a loss of approximately three-quarters of a million men, in the war of 1898 �only� three thousand men were lost. Some may have heard the statement �Remember the MAINE�. In response to a small protest by Spanish officers, not affecting the United States, Washington sent the USS MAINE to Cuba on a �friendly� visit. In the evening of February 15, the MAINE was shattered by two explosions and rapidly sank. Two hundred and fifty-two men were killed. After the disaster, U.S. newspapers were quick to place responsibility for the loss on Spain, while later studies have indicated that the ship probably sunk as a result of a coal bunker fire adjacent to its ammunition magazines. Despite of his efforts to avoid war, President McKinley finally decided to military intervene in Cuba to end the ongoing unrest and liberate Cuba from Spanish rule. In American history, the Spanish American War is mostly considered as a silly lark taken by a group of over-eager men with no real gain, though this goes against historical fact in many respects. (Related story of one battle of this war at www.messagetogarcia.org )
Rotary ante portas
In the same year, 1898, Paul Harris entered into a partnership as the senior to form the law firm of Harris and Dodds. While we can only speculate if the idea of a Rotary club was already on his mind, two later prominent Rotarians fought in the Spanish American War. Silvester Schiele had volunteered to serve with the United States armed forces, and also fought in the Santiago de Cuba campaign. More details are known about Chesley Perry from the rolls of the Illinois volunteers, who also went to Cuba in 1898 as a soldier and as a correspondent for the Chicago Times Herald. He enrolled as a 2nd Lieutenant in April 1898, was promoted to 1st Lieutenant, and was on special duty as officer in charge of regimental exchange until March 1989. In Cuba Perry met Wesley King, who in 1911 founded the Rotary club of Salt Lake City.
Chesley Perry�s decoration from the Illinois Veteran Corps
[W. Ziegler, private collection]
Havana – Club City of the World
In 1918, more than one-third of the total population of Habana of approximately 350,000 were members of various clubs. So it was quite natural that Habana was the first city in a non‑English speaking country to have a Rotary club.
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Also the Rotary club idea was essentially different from all of the many club ideas which had found root in Habana, the city was so accustomed to clubs of all kinds that Rotary was readily accepted. The leading clubs of the city, considered from the standpoint of number of members and wealth of their treasuries, were the various organizations known as Centros. These were originally organized by Spanish residents of the city whose purpose was to unite in a social organization those of their compatriots who came from the same section of Spain. In addition to its social and recreative functions, the Centros soon developed certain mutual aid and benefit features, which became a real necessity in the lives of the people of Habana. Some of the Centros, such as the Balear and Castellano, admitted women as well as men to membership. Most Centros were chiefly composed of Spanish born or the immediate descendants of such. The exception to this rule was the Centro de Dependientes, founded in 1881, one of the three largest and wealthiest of these organizations, to which most of the Cubans and residents of foreign birth belonged.
Club Rotario de la Habana � the Foundation
In the April issue of The Rotarian, a short note �Rotary and Latin-America� is followed by the names of the members of the General Committee on Extension of Rotary in Latin-America. The organization of the Rotary Club of Havana, the first non-English speaking Rotary Club, was sponsored by the Rotary Club of Tampa, Florida, and the committee was composed of A. L. Cuesta, Sr., John A. Turner and Ernest Berger.
Angel L. Cuesta, member of the Rotary Club of Tampa, Florida, and founder of Rotary in Cuba
[The Rotarian, January 1930].
The roster list of 22 members was closed on April 29th, 1916. Among its charter members were Angel Gonzales del Valle, in 1922 president and sketched in �La Rueda�, the magazine of the Rotary Club of Havana, by the famous Cuban cartoonist Massaguer, and Ramon Arguelles, owner of the famous �Romeo & Juliet� cigar factory.
Angel Gonzales del Valle, �ni es angel ni viene del valle�
[La Rueda del Rotary Club de la Habana, May 1922]
Band of the �Romeo Y Julieta� cigar, especially made for Rotary
[W. Ziegler, private collection].
In 1917, the Havana club had already nearly 100 members. The club had obtained the establishment of traffic laws for its city. It developed a comprehensive city plan and had a remarkable program of civic enterprise. The civic program of the club included for instance:
– The acquisition for the city of the surrounding heights [�] which on account of their location may be suitable for parks and other public uses.
– To acquire also suitable grounds in the most populated districts with the object of dedicating them to the public as playgrounds, gymnasia and bathing places [�]�.
The Rotary headquarters in the Hotel Plaza [W. Ziegler, private collection]
Havana Rotarians on the roof of the Plaza Hotel [The Rotarian, February 1918]
More Rotary Clubs
Within eight years of the founding of the Havana club, other clubs were added at Matanzas, Sagua la Grande, Cienfuegos, Guantanamo, Trinidad, Camag�ey, Santiago, Caibarien, Santa Clara, and Sancti Spritus. All of them flourished, and found many opportunities to serve their respective communities. The objectives concentrated mainly on sanitation, with special emphasis on the extermination of the mosquito.
The Ladder That Came in Handy
Havana, Cuba. � [�] Some Rotarians had an interesting
and rather exciting � experience at a meeting of the
Havana Rotary. The meeting was held in the roof garden
of the Paza Hotel. And while a flashlight picture was
being taken some of the decorations were ignited by the
exploding magnesium powder. A panic was averted by
the prompt arrival of the fire department and a new
extension ladder recently presented to the department
by the Havana Rotarians came in handy.
[The Rotarian, August 1925]
This picture was taken at a special meeting of the Rotary Club of Matanzas, Cuba, held at Monserrate picnic grounds. At the head of the table (in the foreground) are, left to right: Urbano Trista, Governor of the Twenty-fifth Rotary District (Cuba); Joaquin Anorga, nominated as his successor at the district conference recently held in Sagua la Grande; and Paul Harris, President Emeritus of Rotary International, in whose honor the meeting was arranged [The Rotarian, May 1927].
In 1928, the Rotary Club of Havana was responsible for the initiation and successful conducting of the first National Congress of the welfare of the child. The statements in the resolution adopted sound rather modern, for instance:
– The child has the right to be born under social and physical conditions which
will lead to a normal life.
– The child has the right to receive from society all the means for a free
development, mentally, morally and spiritually [�].
In a letter to the secretariat of Rotary International, past Director Luis Machado (no relation to Cuba’s former president) wrote:
�In order to prevent civil war, which was imminent between the various political divisions, the Rotary Club of Havana appointed a committee of five, of which I am the chairman, to act as mediator between the government on one side and the opposition on the other, in an effort to find a friendly solution to all the political problems [�]�. [The Rotarian, November, 1933].
However, in September, 1933, in an uprising known as the �Revolt of the Sergeants”, Fulgenico Battista had taken control of the island. For the next twenty-five years he ruled Cuba with an iron fist.
The First Regional Conference
In March 1937, during the opening session of the First Rotary Regional Conference of the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico, held in Havana, Cuba’s President, Senor Laredo Bru, offered R.I. President Will R. Manier, Jr., the Cross of the Order of Carlos Manuel de Cespedes � the highest Cuban decoration � as a recognition of the valuable service Rotary is rendering to humanity.
Cuban Rotarians greet Rotary’s President Manier (right) in 1937.
[The Rotarian, January 1946]
Cuban decoration Manuel de Cespedes. The picture actually shows the decoration given to Chesley Perry, possibly ranking below the cross of the order [W. Ziegler, private collection].
The 1940 Convention
Originally, the 1940 World Convention was to take place in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, but was held in Havana probably because of WWII. R.I. President Walter D. Head wrote in The Rotarian in March 1940:
�It is my thought that the keynote of the Havana Convention might be the renewal of Rotary fellowship amid Old World surroundings. This is not a year for elaborate festivity. We are too keenly conscious of the fact that many of our fellow Rotarians are citizens of countries which are, to a greater or lesser extent, involved in the numerous conflicts now taking place [�]�.
Paul Harris could not attend the because of sickness, but he was able to return from the hospital to his home during the Convention. His message was read to the Convention. He wrote about Rotary’s efforts to promote the brotherhood of men, which �
�in the light of current events and in the light of history, seem to many nothing more than an empty dream [�]� and continued:
The best way to proof that a miracle can be performed is to perform the miracle. Rotary has performed its miracle. Rotary has actually become part of the civic life of sixty nations. Rotary stands; though the tempest rage about � Rotary still stands. Why and how? Because it is grounded not on fear, rivalry and suspicion, but on the eternal and indestructible rocks of friendliness, tolerance, and usefulness�.
The Inaugural Session � Secretary of State Miguel A. Campa, who brought a message from Frederico Laredo Bru, President of the Republic of Cuba, being introduced by Chairman Carbajal. President Head and other Rotary officials are seated on the stage [Proceedings Thirty-First Annual Rotary Convention, Havana, Cuba 1940].
Though only 3,719 Rotarians attended the Convention, it was certainly a splendid success. The Convention Proceeding comment on the event:
�Looking back on convention week, it seems that each night brought with it a new high in entertainment. Perhaps it was the spell wielded by the tropic nights, a magic of deep, ebon-black skies and bright stars, gently waving palms, and a soft caressing breeze bespeaking mystery and romance, that made each event a never-to-be-forgotten experience [�]�.
but credit the success also to the ingenuity of the host club.
A special stamp with the Rotary wheel and a number of beautiful first day issues were printed on this occasion.
Centrepiece of a block with the signature of R.I. President Head, who calls himself �Future past-President� [W. Ziegler, private collection]
Also in 1940, a Constitution was established by the national assembly of Cuba. The document struck a balance between the rich and the working class, it protected individual and social rights, supported full employment and a minimum wage, extended social security, called for equal pay for equal work and outlawed the huge plantations known as latifundias. General Fulcenio Batista was elected Cuba’s 14th president.
In January 1946, Cuba had 44 Clubs with approximately 1,400 Rotarians. It had by then furnished four Directors of Rotary International � Mario Nunez Meza (1922-23), Luis Machado (1931-32), and Dr. Manuel Galigarcia (1942-43), all of the Rotary Club of Havana, and Felipe Silva (1936-37) of the Rotary Club of Cienfuegos.
The fifties were a decisive decade in Cuba�s turbulent history. In March 1952, Batista took over again in a bloodless coup d’ etat. The elections, three month away, were cancelled. The United States recognized Batista’s government.
In July, 1953, Fidel Castro lead a revolt in which 100 men and women attacked army barracks near Santiago de Cuba. The attack failed, Castro was arrested and sentenced to 15 years in prison. In 1955, he and his revolutionaries were released from prison in a general amnesty.
In November 1957, Cuba was the second time host to the Caribbean-Gulf of Mexico Regional Conference of Rotary International. Cuba had 58 Rotary Clubs with 1,800 members.
The battle of Jig�e in July 1958 marked the turning point in the war between the government and the revolutionary forces. The government troops were surrounded by the Rebel units. Unable to break out, the battalion ran out of food and surrendered. In January 1959, the revolutionary forces took control of Havana. The U.S. government officially recognized the new Cuban government. Cuba’s constitution of 1940, suspended in 1952 by General Batista, was reinstated.
Fidel Castro, Cuban Prime Minister, outlines the program of his �26th of July Movement� before the Rotary Club of Havana. An overflow crowd jammed the room to hear his nationally televised Talk [The Rotarian, June 1959].
Of the twenty-one ministers appointed in January 1959, twelve had resigned or had been ousted by the end of the year. Four more would go out in 1960 as the revolution moved toward a Marxist-Leninist political System.
A communication of Rotary International of November 14th, 1978, reads:
�After due consideration of the guidelines established by the board at its October-November, 1978, meeting for the termination of membership in Rotary International of Rotary clubs located in countries in which Rotary clubs may not be able to function, the board, effective 31 January, 1979, terminates the membership in Rotary International of the clubs in Afghanistan, Burma, Cuba, Laos, and Vietnam and declares the charters issued to the clubs to be null and void�.
The American journalist Walter Lippmann wrote in 1959:
�For the thing we should never do in dealing with revolutionary countries, in which the world abounds, is to push them behind an iron curtain raised by ourselves. On the contrary,[�) the right thing to do is to keep the way open for their return�.