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ROTARY IN POLAND Pre-1940

ROTARY IN POLAND Pre-1940

Rotary is well known around the world for helping those who need it the most. Many traders have lost their money due to some bad choices. It is in such situations that automated systems like HBSwiss, can be helpful as there is no room for human error. However, Rotary does not help you by giving you the money you lost in a trade, but it helps you find a way to earn back that money and reach a decent lifestyle or even your old lifestyle, all by yourself.

 

In 1931, the first Rotary club in Poland was chartered on March 19 1931. Other clubs followed at regular intervals, the nine pre-war clubs being:-

Warsaw chartered March 19 1931
Cieszyn Zachodni chartered December 23 1932.
This club was originally admitted as Cesky Tesin, Czechoslovakia but became Cieszyn Zachodni in Poland on May 26 1939.
Lodz chartered on December 4 1933
Katowice was next on June 27 1934
Gdynia was chartered on November 17 1934 Bielsko on February 12 1935
Lwow on December 20 1935
Bydgoszcz on December 30 1935
Pabianice on August 22 1938

As happened elsewhere, some clubs experienced opposition from the Roman Catholic church. The Bydgoszcz Club in particular recorded that the Church had effectively prevented the creation of a Rotary club in Poznan and elsewhere. It seems that the Church believed that Rotary was a form of Freemasonry, an organisation which it felt was in opposition to the teaching and practices of the Church. While it was true that many Rotarians were masons and vice versa, the two movements were always quite separate.

When the Germans invaded Poland in September 1939, Rotary, as it did in other parts of Occupied Europe, came to a standstill and on October 10, 1940 all the clubs had their charters terminated. When the Germans were driven out, Rotary fared no better under the Communists. One Polish Rotarian, Casimir Zienkiewicz of the Katowice Club, escaped to London and there helped to start the Inter Allied Rotary Club in London in November 1940

The story of how Rotary returned can be found in other sections. When PDG Jack Olsson met Marek Sredniawa on a train in 1984, he told him that Warsaw had had a flourishing Rotary club until 1939 and the subsequent invasion of first the Germans and later the Russians. What happened next can be read in another section.

Note. The list of charter termination shows only 9 clubs in Poland in
1939, but David Shelley Nicholl and others quote a figure of 10.

With thanks to PDGs Kari Tallberg, Jack Olsson and the RI Archivists.
Readers may also like to consult the pages of the Kumeu RC

Posted 5 January 2006 by Rotary Global History historian Basil Lewis

ROTARY IN POLAND The Re-establishment from 1989.

This is a personal account written by PDG Jack Olsson whose help we acknowledge with thanks.

When Rotary was originally established in Poland in 1931, it was reported that it was an inspiring event in Poland, our beloved country, restored in 1918, following the Great War, to new independent life. This came after 125 years of Russian control in a country which was one of the first in history to have a liberal system of government. Therefore, at the proper moment, the great Rotarian movement was able to find unselfish followers in Poland .The principle of ‘Service Above Self’ was ever close to the Polish spirit.

In 1989, it was reported that. “there is again a favourable atmosphere in Poland ..to come back to the ideals of service, fellowship, goodwill and peace”. In this context the possibility of re-establishing Rotary was just one more evidence of a dramatic change and of progress towards an open, democratic society. The achievement of world peace and understanding is one of the major goals of Rotary. Coincidentally this goal was also undertaken in June 1984, when, under the auspices of the Australian Institute of International Affairs, my wife and I participated in a study tour of four communist countries in Eastern Europe including Poland.

As it turned out, when returning by train from Crackow to Warsaw, I met for the first time Marek Sredniawa, a young academic from the Warsaw Institute of Technology . During the course of our conversation, Marek spoke of his professional aims for the future and the difficulties and lack of opportunity. of gaining world experience by visiting other countries. We exchanged business cards and although I said nothing to him at the time, his enthusiasm to help his country and his keenness to improve his knowledge, struck a chord with me . On my return home, I had the opportunity at my Rotary club of giving a three minute talk on my visit overseas and finished up by saying “wouldn’t it be wonderful if we could wave a magic wand and bring this young man to Australia so that he can attend the International Telecommunications Conference in Sydney”. It is now a matter of record that with the help of the Rotary network in Canberra and Sydney, Marek’s dream came true. He attended the International Telecommunications Conference and, before returning home, was introduced and enjoyed his first experience of Rotary service and fellowship.

This could have been the end of the story. Fortunately, however, the spirit of Rotary service and its benefical effect within a community was not lost on Marek. His astute mind quickly picked up the idea and value of such an organization.

Following the success of this visit, I maintained contact with Marek in the hope of extending the hand of friendship to other young academics from behind the Iron Curtain and during my visits to Evanston as a member of the Rotary International Finance Committee, actively pursued the idea of similar projects for young people similarly placed .

It was on one of my final visits to Evanston about 1987, however, I learned that the Trustees of the Rotary Foundation had appointed me to be leader of the first Group Study Exchange program to be undertaken in a communist country, namely to Poland. I immediately contacted Marek to arrange the GSE program and in April 1988 visited Poland to discuss details of the exchange. It was also an occasion to have some informal meetings with the medium level representatives of Polish authorities to discuss prospects of such visits by Rotary, for without state approval no such international meetings would be possible.

At that time Marek also recruited a group of six men of different professions as a host team for the first leg of the GSE visit to Australia . This team, incidentally, ultimately became the nucleus of the future Warsaw club. The successful result of talks gave us the stimulus to arrange a meeting at senior government level and directly discuss the possibility of reestablishing Rotary in Poland.

Fortunately, at this time Michael Gorbachov’s ‘Glasnost’ and ‘Perestroka’ had begun to influence the thinking of people in Eastern Europe .This was not only the watershed of communism but also the turning point for the development of Rotary in Eastern Europe. It was during this preparatory stage of the development of the GSE program that I became increasingly aware of a genuine interest by the Polish hierarchy in Rotary. Of course this was not always straight sailing as evidenced by some of the questions posed to me including ” What is this capitalist organization all about?” and “What is meant by Rotary’s motto ‘He Profits most who Serves Best'”?

On my return home and being aware of Rotary’s policy that no steps could be undertaken for international extension without approval from the Board of Rotary International. I immediately contacted Royce Abbey who was soon to take up the appointment of President of Rotary International. I told Royce of my experience in Poland and of what I believed was the positive reception of the idea of the re-establishment of Rotary. I also suggested that I would be prepared to arrange a visit for him to meet the appropriate authorities. Royce immediately agreed and during July 1988, together with the General Secretary of R.I. Phillip Lindsay, I returned to Warsaw where we were able to finalise not only the GSE program, but to put in train the initial steps for re-establishing the Rotary Club of Warsaw.

In the words of Marek Sredniawa, “In September 1988 we hosted a GSE team from District 971 (now 9710), led by Jack Olsson. The reciprocal visit of the Polish team to Australia took place in February 1989.The GSE program was really successful and helped very much in founding our club”.

Rotary International appointed the Rotary Club of Malmo Sweden as the sponsoring club, and Past R.I President Ernst Brietholtz to represent R.I. President Royce Abbey in presenting the charter to the re-established Rotary Club of Warsaw.

On November 9 1989 at the Royal Castle Warsaw, my wife and I had the honour, together with 500 distinguished guests and Rotarians from around the world, of being present on that most historical occasion

Jack Olsson has many awards for his service to Rotary, among them Rotary and Community awards to PDG Jack C.Olsson; Medal of the Order of Australia- For Services to Rotary and the Community- Citation for Meritorious Service-The Rotary Foundation Distinguished Service Award-The Trustees of the Rotary Foundation Rotary Service Above Service Award-The Board of Directors of Rotary International

ROTARIAN ACTION GROUP FOR MICROCREDIT

Microcredit projects can be complicated and long-lived, and the details vary by culture and government. Effective projects often involve partnering with MFI’s (MicroFinance Institutions) that have developed best practices and field resources in the target country. During the early 1990’s, RI and TRF have modified their approach to revolving loan grants as a result of many lessons learned. However at this time there is limited practical information readily available for those wishing to start new banks.

The biggest problem in offering such a help is how people misuse it. Many need genuine help, while many are just lazy and want the easy way out they use such charity organizations to get what they want and don’t keep up their end of the bargain. They will become part of the program agreeing to all the terms and conditions. When the product or money reaches their hand, they change back to their old ways and the effort goes waste. Rotary has accepted that not every needy person can be helped or made to see the world in a different hiue.

Where this poses a problem to an institution like Rotary is, the people who are recognized as the ones who need help, may actually not be. many Rotarians want their projects to be approved and take the credit for bringing int his project or idea and being the main reason for this section of people being helped. As a result of this need, people just bring in anything they see. There is no proper research or analysis that is carried out to see if these people really need the help proposed.

As a result, a lot of funds are wasted on unnecessary projects and when the donors see how their money has been wasted, they refuse to come forward the next time. This creates a major setback because finding a good donor is not an easy task. Though all members are required to donate towards projects, it is these donors who contribute the major part and make the project a success. These are people with money and a big heart who want to set some money aside for charity and not just to invest in Fincrowd App and earn more.

There are many sections of people who are just waiting to be “found” by the charity organizations and given help, so that they can have the easy way out. Though Rotary does not give just money but tries to improve th entire lifestyle by helping the needy learn and practice a skill, many don’t do it. If a sewing machine is bought, with the intention of helping the mother sew and sell clothes, to earn a living, the mother might sell the machine for a low price because she wants money immediately. This will bring her back to the streets, moneyless, skill less and no future, for both her and the kids.

Another problem faced with partnering with such micro credit institutions is they are not

That is why we have formed the Rotarian Action Group for Microcredit (RAGM). We’re here to help Rotary clubs around the world launch more microcredit projects, easier and faster, with measurable results, and in a way that capitalizes on Rotary’s unique strengths!

  • A Rotarian Action Group is a voluntary association of Rotarians formed for the purpose of conducting international service projects that advance the object of Rotary.
  • RAGM application filed December 2006, approved February 2007
  • RAGM will identify key Rotarians in each of Rotary’s 529 districts, promoting Microcredit Best Practices.
  • RAGM will provide information, train and/or coach Rotarians on how to establish successful Microcredit projects and partner with international Micro Finance Institutions (MFIs)

Membership is available to Rotarians. Non-Rotarians are invited to participate as partners.

Douglas E. Rudman:

Douglas E. Rudman: Computer Manufacturing, RC of Carrollton-Farmers Branch, Texas, D5810, President 1995-1997 Bulletin Editor (4 years), Historian (11 years,) Governor’s Aide 1997-1998, Lone Star PETs Instructor 1998, International Volunteer (3 years), District Awards: Governor’s Award 1994, Rotarian of Year 1997, Bulletin Excellence 2001, Paul Harris Fellow (3) & Benefactor. Doug was a member of our group of historians, contributing to the growing resource of Rotary Global History Fellowship. Doug served as chairman of the History section of Rotary Global History Fellowship. He was also the first and only executive vice president of the project, prior to incorporation. His efforts made much of this archived project a much more successful effort. His voluminous knowledge of Rotary’s history and relentless effort for style and substance made an immeasurable difference. His work is ever present in the pages of this archive.

“The vibrancy and viability of Rotary as the most important service club in the history of the world will not depend on membership numbers and mentions in news media. Rather, adherence to its core values will restore Rotary’s standing in the affairs of mankind, and the numbers and mentions will occur naturally. There is an old saying, ‘If you build a better mousetrap, the world will beat a path to your door.’ Rotary IS a better mousetrap. It’s time that we started treating it that way.” Doug Rudman

There are many people who want to do more than just pity those without even the basic necessities in their daily lives. These people want to make a difference and ensure the needy have a better life forever. Giving them some money might get them dinner that week, but what comes next? More charity? Will they live on charity all their lives?

Too Much Charity

What happens to a person when they live on charity for too long?

They lose the value for money. Though they don’t have enough money, they get it for free and don’t have to work hard for it like the rest of the world. Hence they think it’s easy

They start slacking and even the small need to do something useful that was there in the beginning will vanish as there is no need to do anything. They just have to sit around and wait for the next payment to come in

They start spending it on unnecessary things. Since they have regular funds and have lost the value for money, they will start spending on unnecessary things once the basic necessities are met

The next generation might get inspired to do nothing too. They can see this is easy and they don’t have to really strive to make ends meet, hence they might just slack on their education and take the easy way out

How Rotary Makes A Difference

In order to avoid such a situation, Rotary does charity a little differently. It spends money to teach the needy some skill. It can teach a car enthusiast to change tires or do some mechanical work, so that they can get a job or set up a shop themselves. This will enable them to get a career and earn a steady income on their own.

For an educated person who is good at analysis, the money could be spent to help them learn about the stock market. Though the automated trading platforms like The Brit Method are reducing the need for traders, they are still needed. Teaching a person to analyze the stock market can make them a good investor and earn well as time goes by.

As a result, people learn to do something on their own and realize the true value of money and the importance to have a career. This gives them the much needed self confidence and makes them work rather than sit back and relax.

All Around The World

This organization has spread its arms all around the world and is making a difference to one life at a time. If it teaches a mother, she can support her entire family, rather than knock doors for charity. The children will grow up seeing a strong mother and will strive to make their lives better.

You can become a member too as there are a number of clubs all around the world. Find the district club in your area or the club in your city, approach them to start making a difference in someone’s life. This is an on-going process and will give your money greater value than precious metals.

The government policies or a war can change the way even good deeds are done

This just shows how a change in the government policies or a war can change the way even good deeds are done. Rotary was not conducting some business that was against the government or any group. It was formed to help others and even that could not continue after the invasion.

If this was the case for charity, imagine how other businesses would have suffered. Businesses those days were not as big or wide spread like today. There were no stocks sold world over to get funds from investors across the world. Today stock market has grown to a great extent and gone are the days where people feared investing their hard earned money in the stock market. Today with software like HBSwiss, that automates all the investment activities for you and moves your funds as it deems fit, one can invest in the stock market without a worry.

When you have a software for everything, there is no worry about human error or favoritism. To the computer all are equal and it will treat all monies equally. There is no room for blame game when an investment goes bad. The calculations are all done by the machine and the investment decisions are taken based on the risk profile of the investor, the stock, market movement, etc.

Even those who are not well versed with the stock market but would like to invest and earn a little more, can do so with this software. When everything is automated, there is no need for you to follow the market closely or worry about the change in policies, etc. there is no need for you to read charts, calculate returns, etc. the computer will do it all and move you money into the best option available.

Since everything is recorded, there will be no cases of forgotten investment or the usual human errors. The computer will not forget how the stock market behaved when a particular company released some data or news that was crucial to the stock. This way, were some historical event to repeat itself, the software will know what to do and will compare the market behavior and take steps accordingly.

Were Rotary club an online club that did not require a physical place or person to be present in a particular country, the war or a change in the government may not affect the clubs much. The activities and charities would have continued without any interference for Rotary has funds flowing in from all over the world. If a meeting were tobe held in a proper venue which requires people to come in person, the situation around, safety, etc would have to be considered.

However, were it to be held online through a video conference or something similar, the chaos outside your house will hardly affect the meeting. The projects can be handled smoothly without any interference. The problem here is not a club shutting down due to political unrest in that country. It is the entire process of removing the club and its members from the organization and then installing everyone back as a member, forming a new club at a different location, if the same location is not available.

The First Women RI Directors

The First Women RI Directors
 Catherine Noyer-Riveau, of Paris, France, Zone 11; The first woman to be elected to the RI board of directors. 2008/10

 

 

 

Ann-Britt Asebol is a member of the Swedish Parliament, and the incoming RI Director for 2012-14.

The second RI woman director 2011/13 is Betsy Demaray, Rotary Club of Sault Ste. Marie, MI, District 6290. Betsy is an RGHF member. 

 

 

 

In May 2010, Anne Matthews, PDG District 7770, South Carolina, USA, was nominated by RIPE Ray Klinginsmith and elected by the RI Board to serve as the second woman member of The Rotary Foundation Board of Trustees. In September 2010, Anne was elected by the Zone 33 Nominations Committee to serve as Rotary International as the third woman Director. Anne is from   Zones 33 and 34, effective July 1, 2012.

In the recent past, the levels of stress have sky-rocketed, and this has brought along with it many physical as well as emotional troubles. Increased levels of stress teamed with poor lifestyle, unhealthy dietary habits, lack of sleep all of it together add to the existing problems.  One of the fastest growing problems of today is obesity. This condition has affected millions of people and is alarmingly on the rise. Though it may seem like harmless extra weight in the first instance, it brings along with it numerous health problems.

One of the chief problems that come with obesity are cardiovascular conditions that include heart diseases, high blood pressure, increased levels of cholesterol. It also increases the risk of diabetes as well as arthritis. While considering the emotional effects of obesity, it affects a person’s aesthetic appearance and this often affects a person’s self-confidence. It also may become the cause of depression in people or people become uncomfortable with themselves.

As a solution to this, people often subject themselves to extreme diets which most often do not last for long and end up with the ‘yo-yo effect’ with weight loss and weight gain. Another option is spending hours sweating it out at the gym.

Considering both the above options are difficult to do, one always has a single question in mind and that is if there is an easier option to lose weight? To this, there are many commercially available products that might burn a hole in your pockets and still not deliver the desired effects. Among all the commercial bogus products, FitoSpray is one such product that has brought about a revolution.

FitoSpray is a natural high quality product that is highly effective in weight loss and weight management. The product has been tried and tested and proven to be useful to burn accumulated fat and bring about weight loss.

FitoSpray is a especially designed product that has to be used in the oral cavity. It not just brings about weight loss but also leaves a fresh breath in the mouth. Its main function is to improve the metabolism of the body along with flushing out all the fluids that get retained in the body. It is also an effective fat burner.

This product has been successfully used by many well-known celebrities as well, as so one can be sure of its efficacy.

The main composition of FitoSpray is made up of natural extracts. They include ingredients like green coffee: A natural antioxidant that suppresses hunger and helps burning of fat

Garcinia: Helps suppress food cravings and gives a sensation of fullness.

Goji Berry: It makes use of fats for energy production. It is very heart friendly

Mango and Akai Berry: It reduces the accumulation of fat.

Citric acid: Aids digestive functions

and mint leaves: This gives the product the freshness that is required to spray in the mouth. It is also important for bile production as well as burning of fat.

Since the FitoSpray has to be directly sprayed into the oral cavity it gets absorbed very easily and begins its fat burning process almost instantly. Its ideal blend of ingredients makes this spray an ideal product for use that not just shows great results but is also safe for consumption. Ordering FitoSpray is also very easy, as it is available on the official website at attractive prices.

This is not a historical records; we hope that our members can provide us with historical information

 

When it comes to money, one looks for various options to make it grow. It may be for be themselves or even to donate and aid projects like the one undertaken by Rotary International. Though one has to be a member of the Rotary club to participate in its project, one need not necessarily be a trader or employ a trader to invest in the stock market. One can invest through the software HBSwiss. Here all the investment decisions are taken and all you will need to do is update as and when you want to increase your investment or move your funds to a different stock.

So, how does one invest in binary options? What are the information needed to successfully trade in these options? The details are given below:

These Binary options require you to decide whether the asset in question will move up or down. Determining if the value will go up or come down, determines the outcome of your investment. These options have an expiry date and the value of these options when they expire is what decides the outcome.

If the trader dealing with the binary option feels the value will go down by the expiry date, he will purchase a put option. On the other hand if the trader expects the value to go up, he will purchase a call option.

On the date of expiry, if the value of the option has moved upwards, all traders who have purchased a call option will get paid in full even if there is a difference in the price quoted by them and the actual price of the option.

On the other hand, if the value of the option has moved downwards, all traders who have purchased a put option will get paid. The traders who have purchased a call option will lose all the money invested.

When a trader loses all the money he invests, it is called out of the money and when he earns the money, it is called in the money. The traders usually buy a few of both options, to spread out the risk and not incur a heavy loss.

The binary options have a zero sum game as what one trader wins is what another loses. Though this is the case for all stocks that are traded on an exchange, they don’t have an expiry date and the NAV changes every day. When a person invests in stocks, it is a longer investment than the binary option.

An investor generally invests in a variety of stocks to spread the risk. If all the stocks are bought within the same industry, if the government passes a rule that has a negative impact on the industry, the investor stands to lose it all. Hence spreading the investments over various industries will enable the investor to hedge the risk.

Gathering this type of information is crucial to keep one safe and prepared, no matter what it is for. Getting to know the history and workings of Rotary can help an aspiring member to know what is really expected off them and decide if they are prepared for it.

The country of Mali borders the Sierra Desert of Africa with Algeria to the North and Mauritania to the West.
It is a poor country and a former colony of France.
The country has a population of over 20 million with limited infrastructure and public facilities, hence, many international Rotary Clubs have been involved in many and varied international service projects over the years.

There are 6 clubs in Mali, the first and oldest of which is the Rotary Club of Bamako which was chartered on 31 May 1961.
All other clubs but one are also based in Bamako.

One of the many international service projects involved the The Oregon State Rotarians and the Downtown Eugene Oregon Rotary Club which served as the lead club for the project.
Steve Savelich was the lead Rotarian from the State of Oregon and represented the Rotarians with the Rotary Club of Bamako Djoliba.
This project related to the the Hospital National du Point G Referral and Teaching Hospital of Mali, located in the capital city of Bamako.

To a young set of parents in Afghanistan

 

To a young set of parents in Afghanistan, it was a life-saving immunization for their five-month-old son. To a woman with seven children in Malaysia, it was a loan to start a sewing business that enabled her to feed her children. To North Koreans, it was an ambulance that equipped a hospital to be able to take care of them. To thousands of college students in almost every country on earth, it was the chance to study abroad, with all expenses paid, and learn their educational specialty up close and personal.

 

Money is a much needed commodity for a number of reasons for different people. When people need money, they are willing to work hard for it but they just don’t know where to start or what to do. Not many will have the educational qualification to get into a business or the stock market. Many times, they are not given the chance to prove their worth. They don’t get a venue to showcase their talent and ability which could very well help them earn more than enough, with some dignity. As a result many lead a poor lifestyle or resort to other activities to earn the much needed money. They either beg or steal or sometimes just give up on life.

Rotary finds such causes and helps the people in need. It makes a change tot the lives of the people in different ways. Charity is not done the same way in Rotary, projects are undertaken and a new beginning is given to the people. If there is a talented mind that can deal with stocks and play the stockmarket game well, Rotary will try and get him a chance to work in the stock market, so that his talent is not wasted. Even if we have automated softwares like HBSwiss, traders are still in need and to be one, one needs to be well qualified.

There are no limits to Rotary’s reach. This is one organization, ready to help people they need it the most. Just collecting funds and giving it to those who need it may not be the best option at all times. Many will need that money to be put to some use. People need to be empowered.

Ask anyone who has been touched by The Rotary Foundation what it is and every answer will be different. Ask anyone who has been touched by The Rotary Foundation just how important it is, and every answer will be identical.

The Rotary Foundation was born as an endowment fund in 1917, the brainchild of RI President Arch C. Klumph. It was reborn 12 years later in the form we know today, The Rotary Foundation of Rotary international. However, it wouldn’t be until after the passing of Paul P. Harris in 1947 that TRF would reach the financial health and world importance that it enjoys today.

Technically speaking, it is a not-for-profit corporation that supports the efforts of Rotary International to achieve world understanding and peace through international humanitarian, educational, and cultural exchange programs. It is supported solely by voluntary contributions from Rotarians and friends of the Foundation who share its vision of a better world.

 Its expenses are born solely by the interest earned on its contributions over a three year period.

As an endowment fund for Rotary “to do good in the world,” its initial contribution was US $26.50 in 1918. When it became The Rotary Foundation in 1928, it had a value of US $5,739.07. In the most recent year that we have complete figures, the Foundation had more than US $73 million contributed in 2000-01. But, that’s not what The Rotary Foundation is all about. Its event-filled 85 years has been a story of Rotarians learning the value of service to humanity, and the citizens of the earth benefiting from that service.

The Humanitarian Programs of the foundation help fuel international Rotary projects to improve the quality of life, providing health care, clean water, food, education, and other essential needs primarily in the developing world.

A major Humanitarian Program is PolioPlus, which seeks to eradicate the polio virus worldwide by Rotary’s 100th birthday in 2005. Through its Educational Programs, the Foundation provides funding for some 1,200 students to study abroad each year. Grants are also awarded to university teachers to teach in developing countries and for exchanges of business and professional people. Even its former participants in the Foundation’s programs can continue their affiliation with Rotary as Foundation Alumni.

Welcome to the History of The Rotary Foundation.

Doug Rudman

History Fellows Chair

Rotary Global History (2002-2004)

 

Coordinator: PDG Helen B. Reisler

Webmaster: DGN Don Murphy

Calum Thomson

Calum Thomson

Senior Historian for Rotary Global History FellowshipSr. VP Features: Calum Thomson, CPF, PHF, Major Donor, Benefactor. Transport Management, RC of Longniddry & District, RI D1020 Zone 17.

District 1020 District Rotary Foundation Committee Chair 2007-10, District Grants Sub-committee Chair 2004-07, Member, RIBI Foundation Committee 2009-10, Zone 17 Co-ordinator RI Health and Hunger Resource Group 2009-10, Researcher/writer and History Fellow for Rotary Global History since the winter of 2001 Cal is also the coordinator for the conventions and convention host clubs sections. He is also contributing editor for ”Our Foundation Newsletter” and a former contributing Editor of “What Paul Harris Said” 2006-08.

He was awarded the “Ches Perry” Fellowship by the Rotary Club of Chicago.
Appointed to the board in January of 2004.
Elected to the 2004 Board and served as vice-chairman to the 2005-06 Board.
Calum served as Chairman/President of RGHF from 2006-2007.

 

Calum Thomson Has both LLB and MA degrees and is a member of the Institute of Transport and Logistics (MILT) – and an Associate Member of the Institute of Transport Administration (AMInstTA).

“Looking at my Pelican History of America’s index, I cannot find any references to “Rotary” or “Paul Harris”.  I do, incidentally, find the names of some eminent Rotarians such as Woodrow Wilson and Franklin D Roosevelt.

We shall have to find our own history.

Though there are records of various histories, one can refer to, sometimes we will have to create our own history. It will then be talked about or referred to by others and the generations to come. When you do something that changes the world or the way people do something, it creates history and goes down in the books as a historical event.

If the find is useful and people benefit greatly from it, it will be well remembered and use as a reference even if the product or service itself becomes obsolete.

One such thing that will be well remembered and change the way people work will be The Brit Method. This is an automated trading platform where anyone can trade in binary options, without having to learn about the market or deal with a trader in person. The binary robot will receive trade signals and make all the investment moves by itself, based on the investor’s preferences, risk appetite, etc.

This enables anyone and everyone to trade in binary options. This is one of the investment options that has great returns without much risk or time. There are only two outcomes to the investment and the trader has to decide if the asset value will increase or decrease. If the trader predictions come true, he stands to gain immensely.

Now, with the automated system, the  need for a trader is removed and the investor can invest himself, with the help of this software. The system will take care of the rest and invest in the best possible options.

Understanding the past is, obviously, important in helping to explain the present. Why, for example, did the movement expand so rapidly? The answer lies with the early pioneers who understood that the “Booster” concept of self interest was flawed and only appropriate for short-term advantage. If the movement could adapt to serve the community both at home and abroad, it would be able to attract men (and women) from every part of the globe.

Rotary has to provide  history as a resource for all of its 30,000 clubs. In the age of the world-wide web, it is so easy for one inaccuracy to spread like a common cold. The “History of Rotary” Project web site should be a repository of all definitive answers.

Rotarians, the world over, can examine the past and also read of Rotary critics such as G. B. Shaw or H. L. Mencken and realise that in reality, the sternest critics are club members themselves.

So, let us learn from the past and try to live up to those who began these Adventures in Service.”

Will it be in 2018? 2025? 2044?

Will it be in 2018? 2025? 2044?
Greek woman with chiton

Certainly not If…, but When! All of Rotary is waiting to welcome you.

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Brief histories of the first clubs of each geographic region

 


Rotary Club of Santo Domingo, the First Club of Dominican Republic

Rotary International District 4060

Part of our Rotary Global History in Central American/Caribbean Section

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It was not until Feb. 27, 1943 when Rotary settled in Santo Domingo, then Ciudad Trujillo, the first Rotary club in the Dominican Republic. It was the first new country to Rotary since 1939, that no countries were entering new areas of organization was due to the war. The present regime was not pleased with the establishment of a democratic institution, apolitical, where distinguished men of various trades or professional, without discrimination of race or religion, should be organized with the noble ideal of friendship and companionship in terms of service the community.

However, the president Trujillo, knowing that this organization exists only in countries with regimes given by the people, and certainly, to create an image abroad of its democratic government and perhaps with some other purpose, agreed, and in principle gave its support to the entrance of Rotary, tolerated as ceased to survive, but bad for his liking, other fraternal and service suffered distrust of the dictatorship that smothered its humanitarian principles and broke the rules of decency, seriousness brotherhood and coexistence that justified its raison d’etre.

Dominican Republic and Cuba are countries that by their geographical proximity and historical antecedents have always been intertwined and especially bound by an interplay of idealistic men, and in this case, it had to be a Cuban doctor who came Manuel Galigarc�a to help the Dominicans, led by Don Andres Pastoriza, to establish our first club, the Rotary Club of Ciudad Trujillo, as it was called then to the city of Santo Domingo, a cousin of America.

For Rotary, the entry of our country in the Rotary family was an extraordinary event. Although the basic principles of the organization really did not meld with the socio-political structure that then prevailed in the Dominican Republic, but it may be considered was the triumph of good and right above the injustice and despotism.

First Steps

The achievement persuasive and brave as were mainly gift Andres Pastoriza and Dr. Valverde. Galigarc�a Manuel, director of Rotary International, who skillfully fought the all-embracing desire that ruled the nation, absolutism contrary to everything that by natural law has to be exclusive right of human being. It was necessary to avoid creating any type of company that would aim to bring together men and fraternize, and less if they should belong to different levels of social life, as it is in Rotary.

And on another occasion, in a first attempt, the idea of forming a Rotary club had been rejected. In the interview held for such purposes and Don Don Andr�s Manuel with the president, Generalissimo Trujillo, to achieve the consent of the Government for the installation of Rotary in our country, earned much of the special consideration that he enjoyed in our Pastoriza social, appreciation to the President and professed the wisdom and gallant diplomacy; latter as the first personal expression of who we are highlighted as follows:

“After the President to fully explain the essential purpose and goals of Rotary, which is to cultivate friendship and companionship, both nationally and internationally and help the people in need, he responded: “The first part is very good, we need friends, but as for the second in the country to help the poor government response to this … response, Galigarc�a, knowing the power of nationalist fervor Trujillo, argued: “Chief, from the founding of the Rotary Club of Havana, in the collection of flags that decks its presidential table, there is a hole beside the Cuban flag and it is because , In the sentiments of every member of this club, this must be for siting the Dominican flag. ” And why not put? Replied the president.

Because only the flags of countries where there may appear Rotary there. To which Trujillo responded with pride: “Well that will make the Rotary Club to get the Dominican flag.” So much of the narration Pastoriza. Since that time, by the way the club was formed and for the help they provided training for their most intimate partners, it is clear that Trujillo, in principle, provided the requested sponsorship to the Rotary Club.

It is clear that when the president gave the extended audience to Galigarc�a, Pastoriza had at least a willingness to hear the reasons with regard to the proposal, but what finally did enter at the event was the love of their flag, so that it could look with all other partners on the continent and in every Rotary club in the Americas and the rest of the world.

First Preparatory Meeting

The day on February 10 1943, at 1:30 pm, when convened, it became the first preparatory session. They met in Santo Domingo Country Club, 29 of 36 guests, with the aim of forming a Rotary club. Don Andres Pastoriza explained the reason for the meeting and then submitted to Dr. Galigarc�a Manuel, director of Rotary International, who came from Cuba especially for that purpose and who rightly made an interesting presentation on the origin, aims and purposes of Rotary. Dio released details that were heard with great attention and appreciation for those present.

Julio Ortega Frier suggested to the audience that Pastoriza was appointed as president of the club in training and then, at the initiative of the President proclaimed, were appointed:.

Position

 Rotarian

 President
 Vice President
 Vice President
 Treasurer  Rafael Esteva
 Sergeant of Arms
 Member
 Member
 Member
 Member
 Member Leonard H. Faber
 Member

The new club would be sponsored by the Rotary Club of Havana, Cuba Rotary District No. 25. Galigarc�a had been appointed Deputy Special club adviser for that reason.

The new club adopted the Regulations in force approved by Rotary International and a gentle companion Galigarc�a put in the hands of the President a flag of their homeland, Cuba, as a gift to the Rotary Dominicans. This fine attention was reciprocated – Dominican gifted a flag for the Havana Club.

It was decided that meetings would be held on Tuesdays at 7:30 pm, at the site of the Ateneo Dominicano and that the service would be dinner hosted by the Hollywood Cafe, to RD $ 1.00 the cover.

In this first preparatory meeting attended as a guest Mr Rodr�guez Le�n, Civil Attach� of the Legation in Cuba. There was also established that the payment would be RD $ 10.00 per member and the annual fee of RD $ 15.00.

Second Preparatory Session

The second preparatory session took effect on 16 February of the same month in the Dominican Ateneo, at 7:30 pm, because he had a special interest in letting the Rotary Club formally installed on February 27, the anniversary of national independence.

He informed the President that the previous day had returned to Havana Dr. Galigarc�a, after assisting in the preparation and release of the documentation required for the final installation of the club, and had also sent a money order for $ 100.00 U.S. dollars, as Entry fee to Rotary International in Chicago. In preparing the forms and lists of rankings of partners cooperating with enthusiasm the seminar, Lic. Troncoso Sanchez, Lic. Atila Jose Antonio Bonilla and the Civil Attach� of the Cuban Legation Mr. Rodriguez de Leon.

Lic. Bonilla Atil, Sergeant of Arms, read out the list of committees and sub-committees appointed by the President.

The Club was formed by 36 partners with their respective classifications, as follows:

NRO

 NAME

 CLASSIFICATION

1  Tissue-distribution
2 J.  Peanut oil-Distributi�n
3 General merchandise – Distribution
4 Bank Credit
5 Coffee – Distribution
6 Faber Consular Services
7 Freites Leasing Properties
8 Civil Advocacy
9 Cars – Retail sales
10 Petrol – Distribution
11 Haberdashery-Retail sales
12 Diaries – Publications
13 Diaries – Publications
14 R. Literature
15 Polanco Radiology
16 Pharmacy
17 Perdomo Tocolog�a
18 Otolaryngology
19 Commercial Banks
20 Secondary
21 Music
22 Electricity – Production
23 Sugar – Manufacture
24 Gautier Cattle – Breeding
25 Batlle Professional associations
26 University Education
27  Periodicals – Publication
28 Shipping
29 Printing
30 Advocacy General
31 .  Patent Lawyers
32  Apart from Radio – Retail sales
33 Diplomatic Service
34 Agricultural Experimental Farm
35  Journalism
36  Burlap sacks of Manufacture

Ernesto B. was summoned to the first preparatory meeting held on February 10 at 1:30 pm at the Santo Domingo Country Club and did not attend. Was disqualified in the second session of 16, also school, but attended with the classification of “Sacks Manufacture of Arpiller�a “at the inaugural session which was held on February 27 at the Ateneo Local Dominicano in the afternoon session that continued for the night at the Palace of the Administrative Council and endorsed by the President of Rotary International, Eng . Fernando Carvajal and the Director of Rotary, Dr. Galigarc�a Manuel.

We make this clarification because it has been said that the founders were 35 because Ernesto B. was not present at the preparatory meetings. However, he attended the opening session and for a time maintained his activity in the Club.

Ideas were exchanged on the occasion of the events to be held for the surrender of the charter and the honorable visit of the President of Rotary International, Ing. accompanied by his distinguished wife, who would honor the deal rotate Dominican personally Carvajal of all matters relating to the inauguration of the Club, to move solely for that purpose from his residence in Lima, Peru.

It was agreed to offer after the surrender of the charter that enshrined the new Club and within the same opening session, a beautiful reception to the Lord President of the Republic and his wife.

A commission was appointed to prepare the agenda for the acts be held for that purpose, which should be adjusted to the celebrations to officially take place on the occasion of the festivities, which was comprised of R. John R.

The President stated that he would convene a timely manner the Board to complete the final preparations, the meeting for Tuesday was canceled and 23 that the main events of the inauguration of the Rotary Club would be held at the Jaragua Hotel. It was also agreed that each those present left a tip of RD $ 0.10 for the service.

This session was honored with the presence of Dr. Charg� d’affaires of Colombia and Honorary member of the Rotary Club of San Jose, Costa Rica.

Official recognition and delivery for Charter

The Rotary Club of Santo Domingo was officially recognized by Rotary International on February 17, 1943, and indeed the February 27, the date of special significance to the Dominican people at afternoon, in solemn acts headed by Chairman of Rotary International, Ing. Fernando Carvajal and the Director of Rotary, Dr. Galigarc�a Manuel, was officially opened the work with full tuition for the delivery of the Charter authorizing the new Rotary Club. After the President explain why The meeting was the presentation of the President of Rotary International and the Director, the latter already known by most of the competition, yielding the floor to President Carvajal, who with eloquent concepts inspired by the Rotary philosophy, delivered to the President of a new Club bell to open and close the meetings. The thought address by the President of Rotary International ended with these beautiful words: “That is Santo Domingo, the torch of American culture.”

The Director of Rotary International and Special Delegate of the Rotary Club of Havana for the formation of the new club, Dr. Galigarc�a, was pleased by the recognition that had made her work and said to feel immense joy for the crystallization of the idea of Rotary to install in Santo Domingo. He delivered on behalf of the Rotary Club of Havana Rotary Banner, gifts in his name in addition to the new club with a Mallet made with precious woods, which serve to guide the work.

Sergeant of Arms, to reciprocate the attentions of President Carvajal, offered to send a fact Mallet with mahogany centennial of the historic ruins of St. Nicholas’ monument that was the first hospital in Santo Domingo and American, which added the President Rotary International, and indeed, Lic. Bonilla Attila personally handed the Mallet referred to Ing. Fernando Carbajal at the Rotary Convention in Saint Louis, Missouri, held from 18 to May 20, 1943.

The Rotary Jose Sanchez Arcilla, Charg� d’affaires of Cuba, took the floor to express that the creation of the Rotary Club was made possible through the strong support of President Trujillo and the valuable contribution given to this beautiful companion piece by R.

It was declared a recess to continue the meeting at the former palace of City Hall, then Administrative Council, facing the Parque Colon, with the assistance of the President of the Republic, the President of Rotary International, the Director of RI, of the total enrollment, Heads of diplomatic missions accredited in the country and people representing various activities in this capital, all accompanied by their wives. He spoke the President of the Club for dedicating the act. The President delivered a speech revealing beautiful as an expert on the essential principles of the nascent institution, pledging its support for the new organization, which implicitly warned to be part of the registration as we entered several characters who played important official positions of government.

Fernando Carvajal, who eloquently spoke extensively about the rationale of Rotary, the companionship of their programs and inspiring the sensitive and humanitarian mission of the organization especially in those times of war (it was 1943) and on so many edifying concepts to illustrate Rotarians Dominicans.

Address by PRI Ing. Fernando Carvajal in delivering the charter to the Rotary club Ciudad Trujillo (now Santo Domingo)

 [The PRI Ing. Carvajal] Gift to the head of state with two flags, one of Peru, his homeland, and another of Rotary.

It was a beautiful reception where they showed how they started strongly, as hard and with visible demonstrations, the lofty ideal of the cog in this land of simple people and excellent Christian virtues, where the law is nobleness and hospitality .

Rotary was formally installed in the Dominican Republic and started well in uninterrupted work with fervor, earnestness and enthusiasm.

Work after the establishment of the club

At the meeting on March 11 next, held at the Ateneo Dominicano, be it resolved that the official name of the Club would be Rotary Club of Ciudad Trujillo, but in matters of disclosure could be used for the Rotary Club of Ciudad Trujillo. It was understood that in accordance with the regulations of Rotary could be admitted every month during the first year of its founding, three new partners.

The Club was alternately sitting on the premises of the Ateneo Dominicano, in the Youth Club and a few meetings were made in the Jaragua Hotel. Despite the resolution that took the club to hold its inaugural sitting in that hotel, this very important meeting, as we reported in previous paragraphs, took effect in the Dominican Ateneo.

 Club grew, as it had been given effect to the resolution of carrying three partners each month during the first year and also the growing costs and needs. The Secretariat was underneath the Club Antilles in the room to graciously offered the distinguished fellow Rotary Ing. Chairman of that community center. To solve the increasingly growing obligations resolved in the meeting on October 5 of 1943, increasing the annual quota of 15 to 24 pesos and the entry fee of 10 to 25 pesos .

The Rotary Club of Santo Domingo obtained legal status, on Sept. 21, 1943.

It is fair to appropriate the important role that clubs for Dominicans and especially for the newly formed were visiting Dr. Galigarc�a Manuel, Dr. Lubi�n Agustin Gomez, Ernesto and Dr. Bernard Trincheri. Echemend�a Jose, during the years 1943, 1944 and 1945los last three, not the district governors. Cuba 25. To all of them, but especially for Galigarc�a, eminent doctor, who also took advantage of his visits to the country to enact a series of medical lectures at the University of Santo Domingo, Dominican must rotate the grata remembrance and appreciation.

The seed had been launched in Rotary fruitful path. The Dominican is given to the spirit of service and friendship. Remedied easily be understood that the common needs if use is made of the help and cooperation of all. One man given to social life and in a spirit of service can always do something useful, but when I met many men with such virtues, the joint effort, organized and well managed, can solve many problems big or small, but all benefits to the community.

Our country, on the occasion of the installation of Rotary was mentioned in many organs of the advertising world. The Convention St. Louis, Missouri. U.S., we have alluded to the May 20, 1943, adopted a resolution recommending to all Rotary clubs in the world devote its last meeting in February 1944 to commemorate the centenary of our independence, beautiful gesture of international solidarity that Rotary cal� transpired and very deep in the heart of the nascent Dominican and Rotarians around the village. To match as significant deference and appreciation toward our country, was issued a series of explanatory booklets with historical, geographical, industry and trade that were sent to All Rotary clubs in the world.

During its first year the new Rotary Club, composed of men of dynamic and broad possibilities, was the scene of wonderful ideas and positive realities which offered a valuable service to the country and Rotary, in the varied aspects of its work. Many of its founders, almost everyone took Rotary seriously and enthusiastically.

 He was an inspiration to externalize and translate into action their desire to serve. Within these constructive ideas, their size and the lesson from the political point of view would offer, deserves special mention of the Student House.

acknowledgements to the members and Webmaster of the Club

posted by RGHF Webmaster Greg Barlow. December 2008

 History to be posted soon by Jos� Mar�a Fern�ndez Mesa, RC Santo Domingo Bella Vista, Distrito 4060 http://www.rotaryfirst100.org/historians/mesa.htm

 

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